Choosing a Method for Poverty Mapping
Poverty and food security are heterogeneous phenomena in most countries, types and depth of poverty, measured in different ways, vary between and within countries and regions. Poverty mapping in its various forms involves techniques that permit sufficient disaggregation of a poverty measure to local administrative levels or small geographical units. This booklet discusses poverty and food-security mapping in terms of relevance and available opinions for analysis, policy design and implementation in the rural sectors of developing countries. It presents and compares the range of poverty and food-security mapping methodologies in use in order to provide guidance as to their potential and appropriateness in different policy applications
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administrative levels aggregated agricultural census analytical capacity applications basic-needs index bias Bigman Burkina Faso Carletto cartografia causal census data choice of indicator community level community-level constructed consumption countries databases Deichmann determinants of poverty econometric economic Ecuador environmental error explanatory variables factor analysis food security food-security mapping Geographic targeting geographical information systems geographical units Government of Norway Grosh heterogeneity Honduras household survey household-level imply alternative infrastructure insecurity Janvry Lanjouw Leclerc level of disaggregation Lipper Malawi mapping methodologies marginality index Minot NGOs paper participatory pauvrete personal communication pobreza poor population census poverty alleviation poverty and food poverty and food-security poverty line poverty mapping poverty measures poverty-mapping exercises poverty-mapping methods practitioners principal components PROGRESA Ravnborg regions regression rural sample secondary data small-area estimation method Snel and Henninger social spatial analysis statistical techniques subnational targeting for poverty vulnerability weighting World Bank