Christianity as Mystical Fact

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SteinerBooks, 1997 - Religion - 248 pages
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Written 1902 (CW 8)

Because of his sense of the interconnectedness of the spiritual world with nature, art, medicine, and all the rest of life, Rudolf Steiner was a profound polymath. In his seminal study Christianity as Mystical Fact he turned his esoteric genius to interpreting the Christ event as the turning point in the world's spiritual history an incarnation whose significance he saw transcending all religions. Bishop Frederick H. Borsch, professor of New Testament and chair of Anglican Studies, Lutheran Theological Seminary, Philadelphia


As simultaneously mysticism and fact, Christianity is a breakthrough in the historical development of humanity for which the mysteries, with the results that they brought about, form a prior evolutionary stage. Rudolf Steiner

During the fall and winter of 1901 1902, Steiner gave a series of lectures called Christianity As Mystical Fact to members of the Theosophical Society. The lectures were rewritten and issued as a book later that year. They mark a watershed in the development of Western esotericism. Steiner wrote of the idea behind his book:

The title Christianity As Mystical Fact was one I gave to this work eight years ago, when I gathered together the content of lectures given in 1902. It was meant to indicate the special approach adopted in the book. Its theme is not just the mystical side of Christianity in a historical presentation. It was meant to show, from the standpoint of a mystical awareness, how Christianity came into being.

Behind this was the idea that spiritual happenings were factors in the emergence of Christianity, which could only be observed from such a point of view. It is for the book itself to demonstrate that, by "mystical, I do not in any way imply a vague intuition rather than strict scientific argument. In many circles, mysticism is understood as just that, and therefore it is distinguished from the concerns of all 'genuine' science.

In this book, however, I use the term to mean a 'presentation of spiritual reality' a reality accessible only to a knowledge drawn from the sources of spiritual life itself. Anyone who denies the possibility of such knowledge in principle will find its contents hard to comprehend; any reader who accepts the idea that mysticism may coexist with the clarity of the natural sciences, may acknowledge that the mystical aspect of Christianity must be described mystically.

This is a fundamental book, in Steiner's own development, in that of Western esotericism, and for our understanding of the Christ event. Readers will find the evolutionary development from the ancient Mysteries through the great Greek philosophers to the events portrayed in the Gospels.

Included are an informative introduction and annotated notes by Andrew Welburn and an afterword by Michael Debus, a priest of the Christian Community, who summarizes the book and places it in context.

Contents:

  • Introduction by Christopher Bamford
  • Translator's Preface by Andrew Welburn
  • The Mysteries and Mysteriosophy
  • The Mysteries and Pre-Socratic Philosophy
  • Platonic Mysteries
  • Myth and Mysteriosophy
  • The Egyptian and Other Eastern Mysteries
  • The Evidence of the Gospels
  • The Miracle of Lazarus
  • The Apocalypse of John
  • Jesus in His Historical Setting
  • The Essence of Christianity
  • Christian and Pagan Wisdom
  • Augustine and the Church
  • Original Prefaces and Additional Materials
  • Afterword by Michael Debus
  • Translator's Notes

This Collected Works edition contains a new introduction, a chronology of Rudolf Steiner's life, and an index. German edition: -Das Christentum als mystische Tatsache und die Mysterien des Altertum-

Cover image: Photo of Bordeaux Cathedral by James Nicholls."
 

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Contents

CHAPTER
1
The Hidden God
15
Pythagoras ofSamos
35
The Mystery of Creation
52
From Myth to Philosophy
67
The Myth and Mysteries ofEleusis
82
CHAPTER 5
86
CHAPTER 6
101
The Beast and the Abyss
136
The Esoteric Tradition
149
Christian and Pagan Wisdom
153
APPENDIX
171
Additional Remarks 1910 by Rudolf Steiner
185
TRANSLATORS NOTES
211
FURTHER READING
233
Copyright

CHAPTER 8
123

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About the author (1997)

Austrian-born Rudolf Steiner was a noted Goethe (see Vol. 2) scholar and private student of the occult who became involved with Theosophy in Germany in 1902, when he met Annie Besant (1847--1933), a devoted follower of Madame Helena P. Blavatsky (1831--1891). In 1912 he broke with the Theosophists because of what he regarded as their oriental bias and established a system of his own, which he called Anthroposophy (anthro meaning "man"; sophia sophia meaning "wisdom"), a "spiritual science" he hoped would restore humanism to a materialistic world. In 1923 he set up headquarters for the Society of Anthroposophy in New York City. Steiner believed that human beings had evolved to the point where material existence had obscured spiritual capacities and that Christ had come to reverse that trend and to inaugurate an age of spiritual reintegration. He advocated that education, art, agriculture, and science be based on spiritual principles and infused with the psychic powers he believed were latent in everyone. The world center of the Anhthroposophical Society today is in Dornach, Switzerland, in a building designed by Steiner. The nonproselytizing society is noted for its schools.

Andrew Welburn is a fellow of New College, Oxford. He has written, translated, and edited numerous books on spiritual science and early Christianity, including The Beginnings of Christianity: Essene Mystery, Gnostic Revelation and the Christian Vision (1991); Gnosis: The Mysteries and Christianity (1994); and Myth of the Nativity: The Virgin Birth Re-examined (2006).

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