Christianity Contrasted with Hindu Philosophy: An Essay, in Five Books, Sanskrit and English
While living in India for sixteen years, James Robert Ballantyne (1813-64) taught oriental languages to Indian pupils and became fascinated by Hindu philosophy, seeking to harmonise it with the Western tradition. He produced grammars of Hindi, Sanskrit and Persian, translations of Indian linguistics, and a science primer in English and Sanskrit (also reissued in the Cambridge Library Collection). Intended for the Tyro missionary and published in 1859, this work offers a summary of Hinduism (covering the Nyaya, Sankhya and Vedanta schools) and argues for the truth of Christianity, while acknowledging certain shared ideas. It contains a facing Sanskrit translation (with redactions of parts considered to be of no importance to 'those whom the missionary has to teach'). A valuable primary source for scholars of orientalism, this work helps to illuminate the religious dimensions of British imperialism.
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Beatitude the Result of Knowledge 66
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BOOK IILNATURAL THEOLOGY
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according Agni analytic APHORISM argument assertion atheism Benares beneﬁt Book Brahman called chief end Christ Christian Colebrooke conception declared deﬁned deﬁnition Deity deny divine doctrine dogma doubt eternal European Eusebius evidence existence exposition expression fact ﬁery ﬁg ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁr ﬁre ﬁrst ﬁt ﬁve follows God’s guna Halal Hindﬁ Hindi Hindu hymn indeﬁnite Indian Indra inference inﬁnite Jaimini knowledge language logic Lord maﬁa man’s means ment mind miracles missionary mystery nature Nyaya object one’s-self Pantheism phenomenal philosophy present Professor Wilson proof proposition qualities question reason reﬂects regard remark rendered reply sacriﬁce Sankhya Sanskrit Sanskrit language scientiﬁc Scriptures sense Sir G. C. Haughton Sir William Hamilton smoke soul soul’s sound spirit substance substratum suppose syllogism synthetic Taradatt Theophilus things thou thought tion truth Vayu Veda Vedanta Vedantin Vedantists word