Chryselephantine Statuary in the Ancient Mediterranean World
Composite statues of gold (chrysos), ivory (elephas), and other precious materials were the most celebrated artworks of classical antiquity. Greek and Latin authors leave no doubt that such images provided a centrepiece for religious and civic life and that vast sums were spent to producethem. A number of these statues were the creations of antiquity's most highly acclaimed artists: Polykleitos, Alkamenes, Leochares, and, of course, Pheidias, whose magnificent Zeus Olympios came to be ranked among the Seven Wonders of the World. Although a few individual images such as Pheidias'Athena Parthenos have been the subject of detailed scholarly analysis, chryselephantine statuary as a class, from the exquisite statuettes of Minoan Crete to the majestic temple images constructed by classical Greek city-states and imitated by the Romans, has not received comprehensive study since1815. This book presents not only the ancient literary and epigraphical evidence for lost statues and examines representations of them in other media, but also assembles and analyses much-neglected physical survivals, elucidating throughout the innovative techniques, such as ivory-bending, employedin their production as well as the variety of social, religious, and political roles they played within the ancient societies that produced them.
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Materials and Techniques
Chryselephantine Statuary in the Bronze Age
c 1000500 bc
The Pheidian Revolution
In the Wake of Pheidias
Chryselephantine Statuary in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods
Index of Ancient Passages
Handle of walking stick from the Tomb of Tutankhamun
Aegean akropolis Alkamenes ancient Aphrodite Apollo appears Archaic Artemis Artemis Laphria Asklepios Athena Parthenos Athenian attributed Bronze Age carved century bc chryselephantine statues coins composite ivory courtesy cult decoration dedicated Delphi Delphi Museum depicted Dionysos dowel Ephesos evidence excavated face fifth century figures fragments gilded goddess gods gold and ivory Greece Greek Halos Deposit hand head Hellenistic Hera Heraion hippopotamus images inlaid inscriptions ivory and gold ivory statue Jupiter Knossos Krzyszkowska leapers Leochares life-size marble materials Minoan monumental mortise Mycenae Nike Olympia Palaikastro Pasiteles Pausanias perhaps Pheidias Philippeion piece Pliny Plutarch Polykleitos pres preserved recovered relief Roman Rome sanctuary sandal sculpture silver statue of Athena statuettes Stewart stone surviving technique temple Text and translation throne ttjs ttjv tusks wooden Zeus Zeus Olympios