Cigarette Smoking and the Kidney
Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, Jan 1, 2000 - Medical - 140 pages
Cigarette smoking is also a risk factor for diffuse atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and peripheral vascular lesions, renal microvessels being another potential target. Furthermore, the relationships of chronic cigarette smoking and nitric oxide with endothelial dysfunction and vascular disease are well proven, and the association between eNOS gene polymorphisms and vascular disease and their dependence on chronic tobacco smoking has been stressed. But although there is definite evidence that the risk of progression of acquired or genetic renal disease is higher in chronic cigarette smokers and the negative effect on patient survival in chronic dialytic treatment is well known, these issues are still neglected by clinical nephrologists and the mechanisms involved have not yet been classified.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
ACE inhibitor activity acute adrenergic adverse eﬀects aﬀect albuminuria anti-GBM disease antibodies artery disease associated atherosclerosis Battini G eds blood ﬂow blood pressure cancer cGMP chronic cigarette smokers cigarette smoking Circulation Clin clinical Contrib Nephrol controls coronary artery creatinine current smokers deﬁned diabetes mellitus diabetic nephropathy diﬀerent dysfunction Eﬀect of cigarette eﬀects of smoking endothelial cells endothelial nitric oxide Engl eNOS ESRF ex-smokers ﬁndings ﬁrst glomerular ﬁltration glomerulonephritis healthy hemodynamic hypertension impairment increased induced inﬂuence insulin resistance Japanese Kidney Int levels lung male membrane Meroni microalbuminuria myocardial Nephrol Dial Transplant nicotine nitric oxide synthase nonsmokers oxide synthase gene passive smoking patients with diabetes peripheral plasma polymorphism population progression proteinuria pulmonary renal cell renal failure renal function renal hemodynamics renal risks risk factors Ritz role Sessa signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly smoking on renal Soc Nephrol speciﬁc sympathetic tobacco smoking type 2 diabetes urinary NOx urine vascular disease vasoconstriction