CSLI Publications/Center for the Study of Language and Information, 2007 - Foreign Language Study - 537 pages
Cilungu is an underrepresented language spoken in northern Zambia and Tanzania whose future is far from certain, given ongoing urbanization and the ascendancy of other regional languages. The product of over fifteen years of fieldwork, Cilungu Phonology presents a comprehensive description and analysis of this endangered language.
Featuring a reference grammar and formal analysis of Cilungu, this volume will be a major contribution to our understanding of tonology, since several of the forty-four processes analyzed appear to be unique to the language. It also includes a discussion of morphology, both nominal and verbal.
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Phonology of Segments and Syllables
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accompany analysis apply Bantu languages bimoraic bring buried him/her Choola Cilungu class 9 class prefix clitic compensatory lengthening consonant Consonant Mutation CV roots Downstep Shift farmed farmer Final Vowel Shortening following word forms with toneless fuse Fusion given glide grind H Delinking H-toned roots Heterosyllabic Doubling imbrication long vowel marker melodic H MH docks Mid Vowel mora morpheme morphological mu-limi Mulenga nasal ningo non-phrase-final nouns OCP violation one(s Onsetless SM passive penult Perfect phonetic phonological phrase phrase-final pre-macrostem Pre-Stem Shortening preceded predicts preprefix Present Progressive realized reduplicated Representative examples rightmost H root H root-initial rule saana sdand seen short causative SM Delinking stem Subjunctive suffix syllable TAMs tonal tone pattern Toneless Macrostem toneless roots tonology trigger Trimoraic u-mu-limi undergo unbounded spreading undergoes binary spreading underlying underlying representations underlyingly untie Vowel Harmony washed him/her word-final word-initial Yesterday Past