Circumference: Eratosthenes and the Ancient Quest to Measure the Globe

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Macmillan, 2008 - Science - 223 pages
How do you measure the size of the planet you're standing on?
"Circumference" is the story of what happened when one man asked himself that very question. Nicholas Nicastro brings to life one of history's greatest experiments when an ancient Greek named Eratosthenes first accurately determined the distance around the spherical earth. In this fascinating narrative history, Nicastro takes a look at a deceptively simple but stunning achievement made by one man, millennia ago, with only the simplest of materials at his disposal. How was he able to measure the land at a time when distance was more a matter of a shrug and a guess at the time spent on a donkey's back? How could he be so confident in the assumptions that underlay his calculations: that the earth was round and the sun so far away that its rays struck the ground in parallel lines? Was it luck or pure scientific genius? Nicastro brings readers on a trip into a long-vanished world that prefigured modernity in many ways, where neither Eratosthenes' reputation, nor the validity of his method, nor his leadership of the Great Library of Alexandria were enough to convince all his contemporaries about the dimensions of the earth. Eratosthenes' results were debated for centuries until he was ultimately vindicated almost 2000 years later, during the great voyages of exploration. "Circumference" is a compelling scientific detective story that transports readers back to a time when humans had no idea how big their world was--and the fate of a man who dared to measure the incomprehensible.
 

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LibraryThing Review

User Review  - janerawoof - LibraryThing

More like 3.5. Fascinating and educational for a layperson like me, but I felt it was bloated. Yes, Eratosthenes was covered--even with the sketchy information on his life from the Suda [the Byzantine ... Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - minfo - LibraryThing

A good read, particularly for those interested in the topic. If you enjoyed "Longitude", you'll likely enjoy this book but towards the end it seems to get a bit 'fuzzy'. The first 2/3rds was really ... Read full review

Contents

1 THE PHILOSOPHERS RUN
1
2 A ZOO OF UNIVERSES
29
3 MR BETA AND THE ANCIENT PLAN B
59
4 GREEKS AND BARBARIANS
104
5 ECLIPSE
144
NOTES
193
BIBLIOGRAPHY
205
INDEX
213
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