Citizens Defending America: From Colonial Times to the Age of Terrorism

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University of Pittsburgh Pre - History - 277 pages
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Today, concerns over homeland security have led thousands of Americans to volunteer for various citizen emergency response groups, such as the Civil Air Patrol, U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, Community Emergency Response Teams, fire units, etc.  In Citizens Defending America, Martin Greenberg focuses new attention on the subject of citizen volunteerism by chronicling the nature and purpose of volunteer police units—authorized organizations of a public or private nature that work at deterring crime and/or preventing terrorism for little or no monetary compensation—in America since 1620.  A number of these historical groups responsible for maintaining the civil order of the day—slave patrols, frontier posses, vice suppression societies, the American Protective League, for example—now seem controversial when viewed through a contemporary lens.  Greenberg uses the history of such groups to reflect upon the nation’s past and to consider the possibilities for a safe and secure future.  He also emphasizes the role of young people in the fields of security and safety, and stresses the need for more qualified, trained volunteers to help cope with man-made and natural disasters.

 

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Contents

Unraveling the Concept of Volunteer Policing
1
The Lay Justice Era From 1607 to 1800
21
The Vigilant Era From 1800 to the 1880s
40
The Spy Era From the 1880s to 1920
73
The Transformation Era From 1920 to 1941
109
The Assimilation Era From 1941 to the Present
148
Potential Roles for Volunteer Police Service
186
The Role of Volunteer Police in Terrorism Prevention
209
Volunteer Police Timeline
231
Bibliographic Sources
233
NOTES
237
REFERENCES
247
INDEX
271
Copyright

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About the author

Martin Alan Greenberg is associate professor of criminal justice and director of the Criminal Justice Administration graduate program at Point Park University. His published works include Auxiliary Police: The Citizen’s Approach to Public Safety and Prohibition Enforcement: Charting a New Mission.

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