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accidents advantages American Academy annual benefit better capitalist managers cause cent child labor cities committee common Company compensation cooperation corporation cost danger disease dividends economic efficiency Eight Hours Day employed employment eral establishment experience factory Felix Adler firm foremen funds girls give human hygiene I. M. Rubinow ical improved increase individual industrial injuries inspection inspector instruction interest J. A. Hobson Kojiro Matsukata legislation Manufacturing means measures ment methods mills moral National Civic Federation operatives organization paid pension philanthropy plant ployees Port Sunlight practical premium prevention principles profit-sharing profits protection relations safety devices savings schemes secure share shops sickness standard Steel stereopticon stockholders sumers tion trade unions tuberculosis United wage-earners wages welfare women workers workmen
Page 49 - Nay, take my life and all ; pardon not that : You take my house, when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house ; you take my life, When you do take the means whereby I live.
Page 311 - Yes ! to this thought I hold with firm persistence ; The last result of wisdom stamps it true : He only earns his freedom and existence, Who daily conquers them anew.
Page 141 - STANDARD CONDITIONS. Each man's task should call for a full day's work, and at the same time the workman should be given such conditions and appliances as will enable him to accomplish his task with certainty.
Page 209 - Its right development will do more to make public education truly democratic than any other one agency now under consideration. Its wrong treatment will as surely accentuate all undemocratic tendencies in our present situation, by fostering and strengthening class divisions in school and out.
Page 87 - The question should be considered from a social as well as a physical point of view. When it is remembered that the twelve hours a day to the man in the mills means approximately thirteen hours away from his home and family — not for one day, but for all working days — it leaves but scant time for self-improvement, for companionship with his family, for recreation and leisure.
Page 94 - When the health of women has been injured by long hours, not only is the working efficiency of the community impaired, but the deterioration is handed down to succeeding generations. Infant mortality rises, while the children of married workingwomen, who survive, are injured by inevitable neglect. The overwork of future mothers thus directly attacks the welfare of the nation.
Page 141 - ... such standardized conditions and appliances as will enable him to accomplish his task with certainty. (c) HIGH PAY FOR SUCCESS.— He should be sure of large pay when he accomplishes his task. (d) LOSS IN CASE OF FAILURE. — When he fails he should be sure that sooner or later he will be the loser by it. When an establishment has reached an advanced state of organization, in many cases a fifth element should be added, namely: the task should be made so difficult that it can only be accomplished...
Page 141 - A LARGE DAILY TASK. — Each man in the establishment, high or low, should daily have a clearly defined task laid out before him. This task should not in the least degree be vague nor indefinite, but should be circumscribed carefully and completely, and should not be easy to accomplish.
Page 124 - A thoroughly effective method of remuneration," says Dr. Shadwell, "includes both principles, (1) the differential incentive, which acts on the individual as such; and (2) profit-sharing, which acts on him in his collective capacity, as a member of a body bound together by common interests and working for a common end. By increasing the efficiency of labor, they diminish its cost, and so increase profits though wages rise.