Civic Ideology, Organization, and Law in the Rule Scrolls: A Comparative Study of the Covenanters' Sect and Contemporary Voluntary Associations in Political Context
Over the past sixty years, several studies have demonstrated that the Dead Sea Scrolls sect was one of numerous voluntary associations that flourished in the Hellenistic-Roman age. Yet the origins of organizational and regulatory patterns that the sect shared with other associations have not been adequately explained. Drawing upon sociological studies of modern associations, this book argues that most ancient groups appropriated patterns from the state. Comparison of the Rule Scrolls with Greco-Roman constitutional literature, as well as philosophical, rabbinic, and early Christian texts, shows that the sect's appropriation helped articulate an "alternative civic ideology" by which members identified themselves as subjects of a commonwealth alternative and superior to that of the status quo. Like other associations with alternative civic ideology, the Covenanters studied constitution and law with the intention of reform, anticipating governance of restored Israel at the End of Days.
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Chapter One Introduction
Chapter Two Civic Ideology and Associational Formation
A Politeia for the Righteous Remnant of Israel in the Evil Age CD A CD 116 CD B CD 1920 4QDah 4Q266273
Statutes for the Council of the Yaḥad 1QS 4QSaj 4Q255264 4Q275 4Q279
A Politeia for Restored Israel at the End of Days 1QSA 4QSEai 4Q249ai
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1QSa 4QDa 4QDe alternative civic ideology analogies argues Arist assembly Athenian atonement authority Bardtke Baumgarten biblical boulē Camps Cicero citizens claim communal Congregation constitutional context Council court covenant Covenanters cult cultic Cynic Damascus Document Dead Sea Scrolls Deut discussion divine elite enrollment Epicurean Epicurus eschatological Essenes Examiner expulsion God’s Greco-Roman Greek groups halaka Hasmonean haverim Hellenistic impurity interpretation Iobacchi Israel Israelite Jewish Josephus judges judgment juridical Levites Maskil meals military Mishnah nomoi oaths officers Organizational Pattern passage Penal Code Perfect Holiness Plato Plato’s Laws plebs Plutarch politeiai political practice priestly priests PTSDSS punishment purity Pythagorean Qumran ration-fine refers regulation restored Israel role Roman Rule Scrolls Schiffman Scripture sect sect’s sectarian Sectarian Law SIG3 Spartans statutes Stoic temple term texts tion Torah transgressions voluntary associations Weinfeld women Yahad דחיה ישנא לוכ לﬠ םיברה רשא שיא תא