Civil Courage: A Response to Contemporary Conflict and Prejudice

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Naomi Kramer
Peter Lang, 2007 - History - 414 pages
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Civil Courage: A Response to Contemporary Conflict and Prejudice, a compilation of essays by contributors from around the world, is organized in four sections.
Moral Choices: Why did the Nazis not respond with horror and revulsion to the killing of other humans? Why, in recent times, have we failed to respond with urgency to contemporary genocide and genocidal acts? Martin Doerry, Ronald Headland, Sevak Manjikian, and Pierre Sauvage offer their perspectives on the moral choices that invariably arise in the context of genocide.
Issues in Holocaust Education: Yair Auron, Neil Caplan, Motti Golani, Brian Hanrahan, Angelika Maeser Lemieux, Yasuhiro Tae, Dan Schreiber, and Ray Wolpow examine the effectiveness of various teaching methods from diverse national perspectives. The issue in Holocaust education today is to show that there are general principles for human behavior to be gleaned from the Holocaust. If we are responsible educators, the causes of the Holocaust must be addressed in order to prevent future genocide.
Contemporary Jewish Identity: Emanuele Ottolenghi and Mark Weitzman examine contemporary antisemitism in Europe and North America respectively. Michael Pollan reflects upon Jewish identity from the unique perspective of a young Jew who worked as a civil servant for the Austrian government in a program designed to acknowledge Austria’s role as a perpetrator of the Shoah.
Testimony: Firsthand testimony will soon be available only in memoirs or recorded oral histories. In the future, second and subsequent generations must speak as witnesses. Sheldon Schreter, a grandchild of Holocaust victims, describes a visit with his four sons to Sighet, Romania, his parents’ birthplace, and struggles with the question of Why?
The prevention of genocide is, in large measure, dependent upon the good will and intervention of citizens living in modern cultures. It is incumbent upon everyone involved in genocide studies to contribute to a shared language of prevention – to inspire in young people and educators that one person can make a difference. Civil Courage is a modest attempt to help achieve this goal.
 

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Contents

Ronald Headland
3
Rethinking Remembrance
35
America and the Holocaust
61
Education and the Resort to Force
83
An Overview
101
On the Obligation of Teaching Holocaust and Genocide in Israel and in
191
Angelika Maeser Lemieux
237
Conclusion of the Belgian Pilot Project Schools
279
Europe the Jews and Antisemitism
301
Antisemitism in North America
335
The Danish Jewish Escape from Nazi Occupied Denmark 1943
361
Comments on a Visit to Poland and Prague
385
Contributors
409
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About the author (2007)

The Editor: Naomi Kramer is Director of the Kleinmann Family Foundation, a non-profit organization mandated by the Canadian government to educate the public about the destructive powers of prejudice and discrimination. During her tenure as Education Director of the Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre she curated several exhibits, including: -Children in the Holocaust: A Legacy- and -Visualizing Memory.- She is coauthor of The Fallacy of Race and the Shoah, recipient of the Canadian Yad Vashem Award for the best book on the Holocaust in 2000, and editor of Building History: The Shoah in Art, Memory, and Myth (Lang, 2001). Kramer also conceived and curated the first Canadian Jewish Virtual Museum and Archive (www.cjvma.org).

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