Civil-Military Relations in Post-Conflict Societies: Transforming the Role of the Military in Central America

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Routledge, Apr 10, 2015 - Political Science - 172 pages
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Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras are four Spanish speaking countries in Central America that possess uniformed military institutions. These four countries represent different approaches to reforms of civil-military relations, and embody varying degrees of success in both institutional democratization and the managing of security forces.

In this book, Orlando J. Pérez expertly examines the competing theories of civil-military relations in Central America to advance our understanding of the origins, consequences and persistence of militarism in Latin America.

Divided into four parts, Pérez begins by proposing a theoretical framework for analyzing civil-military relations, including an analysis of how U.S. foreign and military policy affects the establishment of stable civilian supremacy over the armed forces. Part Two examines the institutional and legal structures under which civil-military relations are carried out revealing in Part Three the reorientation of the missions and roles performed by the armed forces in each country. The concluding part analyzes the role beliefs of members of the military and public opinion about the armed forces in relation to other institutions. Combining both qualitative and quantitative data, Pérez bridges the gap between structural and cultural analyses for a more comprehensive understanding of the links between micro and macro level factors that influence civil-military relations and democratic governance.


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List of figures
Building Democratic CivilMilitary Relations after
Military Coup and Constitutional Arrangements
Demilitarization and Democratization after Civil
From Revolutionaries to National Army
Facing the Challenges of Crime and Violence
Public Opinion and the Armed Forces
Armed forces respect human rights 2012
Assessing Progress Toward Democratic Civil

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About the author (2015)

Orlando J. Pérez is Associate Dean of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Millersville University. He is a member of the Scientific Support Group for the Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) and directs the Americas Barometer survey in Panama and Honduras.

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