Civil Servants and Contract Employees: Who Should Do what for the Federal Government? : Report to the Congress
U.S. General Accounting Office, 1981 - Administrative agencies - 39 pages
GAO reviewed the contractors' excessive involvement in executive branch agencies' basic management functions. The review was made because of concern about agencies using contractors to do work that should be done by federal employees. There are undoubtedly many causes for excessive contractor involvement in the performance of basic agency management functions. In the opinion of GAO, significant ones include: (1) the increasing demands for governmental work being placed on a declining federal work force as government programs increase in a number, cost, and complexity; (2) the lack of sufficient guidance from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to distinguish between advice and performance of a government function; and (3) agencies' inconsistent and relatively ineffective compliance with the executive branch policy to rely on contractors for commercial services. If the number and complexity of government programs continue to increase as personnel ceilings limit the size of the federal work force, agency officials will probably experience more pressure to perform governmental work by hiring additional people indirectly through service contracts. GAO believes that this pressure can be lessened if agencies reallocate in-house commercial positions to governmental work. Since 1955, the emphasis of the executive branch's OMB A-76 policy has shifted from almost outright reliance on the private sector to reliance with several exceptions. Without legislation, the executive branch can continue to unilaterally shift policy emphasis. Although agencies are permitted to obtain contractors' advice on government functions, it is sometimes difficult to tell where advice stops and performance begins.
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CONTRACTING FOR COMMERCIAL SERVICES AS
CONTRACT REFORM BILLS IN THE 96TH CONGRESS
$82 billion 96th Congress A-76 cost comparisons A-76 requires agencies advice on Government agen agencies to disclose Agency officials APPENDIX II APPENDIX April 22 awarded basic management functions billion note budget cial Circular A-76 requires commer commercial and industrial commercial or industrial compare costs congressionally mandated reports consulting service contracts CONTRACTOR INVOLVEMENT contractor personnel Department of Energy determine Director disclosure DOD's economical source Energy's eral executive branch Federal work force funds Government employees Government functions Government programs governmental functions guidelines ices inconsistent and relatively industrial activities inherently governmental involvement in basic issued janitorial keypunching legislation March 29 ment national policy net acting number of Federal OMB Circular A-76 OMB Circular A-l20 OMB official OMB's percent performed by Government performed in-house policy of reliance policy to rely preparing congressionally mandated private sector provided more economically quired required Federal agencies responsibility stops and performance tell where advice tion tract