Civilians and War in Europe, 1618-1815
Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, Hannah Smith
Liverpool University Press, 2012 - History - 301 pages
Civilians and War in Europe 1618-1815 examines the relationship between civilians and warfare from the start of the Thirty Years War to the end of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The volume interrogates received narratives of warfare that identify the development of modern 'total' war with the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and instead considers the continuities and transformations in warfare over the course of two hundred years. The contributors examine prisoners of war, the cultures of plunder, the tensions of billeting, and war-time atrocities throughout England, France, Spain, and the German territories. They also explore the legal practices surrounding the conduct and aftermath of war; representations of civilians, soldiers, and militias; and the philosophical underpinnings of warfare. They probe what it meant to be a civilian in territories beset by invasion and civil war or in times when 'peace' at home was accompanied by almost continuous military engagement abroad. Their accounts show us civilians not only as anguished sufferers, but also directly involved with war: fighting back with shocking violence, profiting from war-time needs, and negotiating for material and social redress. And they show us individuals and societies coming to terms with the moral and political challenges posed by the business of drawing lines between 'civilians' and 'soldiers'.
With contributors drawn from the fields of political and legal theory, literature and the visual arts, and military, political, social, and cultural history, this volume will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of warfare and the evolution of the idea of the civilian.
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administration argued armed army’s Britain British plunder British soldiers camp campaign chapter Charles Christian civilian population combatants communities conflict contemporary cultural destruction Doisy early modern eighteenth century enemy English Europe European example experience forces France French army French prisoners French Revolutionary French soldiers German Grotius Grotius’s guerre guerrilla historians Ibid impact invasion king’s law of nations Law ofWar laws of war levée en masse looting Lynn memoirs Michel Le Tellier military discipline military justice military occupation militia militiamen mobilisation Napoleonic wars narratives natural law non-combatants officers ofthe parole Peninsular Peninsular War period political prints prisoners of war Prisoners ofWar regime regimental Restoration Revolutionary and Napoleonic royalist Selkirk Seven Years War SHDAT série A1 Sick and Wounded social soldiers and civilians Spain Spanish suggests Thirty Thirty Years War tion total war town Townshend transitional justice troops violence warfare Wellington women