Civilians and War in Europe, 1618-1815

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Erica Charters, Eve Rosenhaft, Hannah Smith
Liverpool University Press, 2012 - History - 301 pages
Civilians and War in Europe 1618-1815 examines the relationship between civilians and warfare from the start of the Thirty Years War to the end of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. The volume interrogates received narratives of warfare that identify the development of modern 'total' war with the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and instead considers the continuities and transformations in warfare over the course of two hundred years. The contributors examine prisoners of war, the cultures of plunder, the tensions of billeting, and war-time atrocities throughout England, France, Spain, and the German territories. They also explore the legal practices surrounding the conduct and aftermath of war; representations of civilians, soldiers, and militias; and the philosophical underpinnings of warfare. They probe what it meant to be a civilian in territories beset by invasion and civil war or in times when 'peace' at home was accompanied by almost continuous military engagement abroad. Their accounts show us civilians not only as anguished sufferers, but also directly involved with war: fighting back with shocking violence, profiting from war-time needs, and negotiating for material and social redress. And they show us individuals and societies coming to terms with the moral and political challenges posed by the business of drawing lines between 'civilians' and 'soldiers'.

With contributors drawn from the fields of political and legal theory, literature and the visual arts, and military, political, social, and cultural history, this volume will appeal to all those with an interest in the history of warfare and the evolution of the idea of the civilian.
 

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Contents

Was the Thirty Years War a Total War?
21
Grotius and the Civilian
36
Englands Unnatural
52
Transitional Justice Theory and Reconciling Civil War Division
68
The Administration of War and French Prisoners of War in Britain
87
The Civilian Experience in Wartime
129
Soldiers Civilians and the Representation
147
Insurgents and CounterInsurgents between Military and Civil
182
The Limits of Conflict in Napoleonic Europe
201
CivilianMilitary Relations
225
French Prisoners of War at the Selkirk
241
Bibliography
262
Index
291
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About the author (2012)

Erica Charters is a university lecturer in the history of medicine at the University of Oxford. Eve Rosenhaft is professor of German historical studies and director of the Eighteenth-Century Worlds Research Centre at the University of Liverpool. Hannah Smith is a tutorial fellow and university lecturer in history at St. Hilda's College at the University of Oxford. 

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