Civilizing the Margins: Southeast Asian Government Policies for the Development of Minorities
Southeast Asian nations have devised a range of development programs that strive to incorporate minority ethnic groups into the nation-state. The authors of Civilizing the Margins discuss the programs, policies, and laws that affect ethnic minorities in eight countries: Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Once targeted for intervention, people such as the Orang Asli of Malaysia and the "hill tribes" of Thailand often become the subject of programs aimed at radically changing their lifestyles, which the government views as backward or primitive. Several chapters highlight the tragic consequences of forced resettlement, a common result of these programs. Others question the motives behind pushing minorities into "development" schemes. Rather than simply describing the effects of the programs and the experiences of participants, the contributors to this book attempt to understand the ideologies and strategies that led to the implementation of these programs.
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Into the Mainstream or Into the Backwater? Malaysian
Ancestral Lands and Autonomy
Developing the Hill Tribes of Northern Thailand
The Military as Benefactor
Becoming Socialist or Becoming Kinh? Government Policies
All Lao? Minorities in the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
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Abu Sayyaf Adat administrative agreement agricultural Asian autonomy Bangkok Post Border Areas border regions Buddhist Burma Cambodia Center Central Highlands Cham Chinese Christian colonial communist communities crops cultivation cultural DBMT Dentan Department development projects drug economic ethnic groups ethnic Lao ethnic minorities Forestry government's hill tribes Hmong Human Rights implementation indigenous minorities Indonesia insurgency International Islamic Jakarta JHEOA Jimin Khmer Rouge Khmu land Lao Lum Lao Sung Lao Theung living lowland Malay Malaysia Masyarakat Terasing ment military Mindanao Ministry minority groups MNLF Mohd Tap mountains Muslim Myanmar National Races natural resources norities northern Thailand officials opium Orang Asli percent Philippine Philippine Muslims PKAT plantations political population problems provinces regime regime's religion religious resettlement rural Semai settlement SMHDP social society Southeast Asia swidden Tapp Tatmadaw Thai Thailand timber tion Tobelo traditional transmigration tribal University upland minority Vietnam Vietnamese villages watershed Yangon