Civilizing the Margins: Southeast Asian Government Policies for the Development of Minorities

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Christopher R. Duncan
Cornell University Press, 2004 - History - 278 pages
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Southeast Asian nations have devised a range of development programs that strive to incorporate minority ethnic groups into the nation-state. The authors of Civilizing the Margins discuss the programs, policies, and laws that affect ethnic minorities in eight countries: Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Once targeted for intervention, people such as the Orang Asli of Malaysia and the "hill tribes" of Thailand often become the subject of programs aimed at radically changing their lifestyles, which the government views as backward or primitive. Several chapters highlight the tragic consequences of forced resettlement, a common result of these programs. Others question the motives behind pushing minorities into "development" schemes. Rather than simply describing the effects of the programs and the experiences of participants, the contributors to this book attempt to understand the ideologies and strategies that led to the implementation of these programs.
 

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Contents

Into the Mainstream or Into the Backwater? Malaysian
24
Ancestral Lands and Autonomy
56
Changing Indonesian
86
Developing the Hill Tribes of Northern Thailand
116
The Military as Benefactor
150
Becoming Socialist or Becoming Kinh? Government Policies
182
All Lao? Minorities in the Lao Peoples Democratic Republic
214
Ethnic Minorities
241
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
271
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About the author (2004)

Christopher R. Duncan is Associate Professor in the School of Historical, Philosophical & Religious Studies and in the School of Politics and Global Studies, Arizona State University. He is the author of Violence and Vengeance and editor of Civilizing the Margins , both from Cornell.

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