Class Dynamics of Agrarian Change
Development processes are never neutral. They impact various groups and classes of people differently. A high food price may benefit some rich peasants who produce and sell food surplus, but it may disadvantage landless rural laborers. A project on irrigation may benefit those who own the land, but not the landless tenants. Nowadays, official documents by governments and development agencies tend to lump different groups of people into vague categories like rural poor. This might be useful in some cases, but in large part this thinking can harm the poorest of the poor.
Using Marx’s theory of capitalism, Class Dynamics of Agrarian Change argues that class dynamics should be the starting point of any analysis of agrarian change. It provides an accessible introduction to agrarian political economy while showing clearly how the argument for bringing class back in provides an alternative to inherited conceptions of the agrarian question. It illustrates what is at stake in different ways of thinking about class dynamics and the effects of agrarian change in today’s globalized world.
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The Political Economy of Agrarian Change
Production and Productivity
Origins and Early Development of Capitalism
Colonialism and Capitalism
Farming and Agriculture Local and Global
Neoliberal Globalization and World Agriculture
Capitalist Agriculture and NonCapitalist Farmers?
activities agrarian capitalism agrarian change agrarian societies agri-input agribusiness agricultural commodities Asia and Africa Brazil British capitalist agriculture capitalist farming Caribbean century chapter class dynamics classes of labour colonial commercial capitalism commodification of subsistence commodity production commodity relations complex consumption corporations countryside cultivation debt bondage development of capitalism dispossession divisions of labour economic economic sociology effects emergence Europe European example expansion exploitation family farmers feudal forms fund grain Green Revolution hacienda harvest hence historical household income India industrial capitalism investment issues labour power labour processes labour regimes land reform landed property landless landlords Latin America Lenin markets Marx Marx’s means of production modern movements neoliberal numbers path peasantry percent period petty commodity producers population primitive accumulation profit proletarianization rent rural scale second ifr small farmers small-scale farming social divisions social relations South struggles sub-Saharan Africa surplus surplus labour tion today’s trade typically wage labour workers