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agriculture American army Atlantic began capital capitalist class capitalist interests carpet baggers century chattel slave owners chattel slavery cities Civil class struggles coast commercial competitive Congress constitution convention cotton debtor class debts demand dominant eight hour eight hour day England Erie Canal Europe existence exploitation farm fight forces frontier growth importance industrial institutions invention KNIGHTS OF LABOR labor movement labor power land LITTLE CAPITALISTS manufacturing class masters membership million Mississippi valley monopoly national government National Labor Union negro North northern organization panic pioneer plantation planters plutocracy plutocratic wing political production profits protective tariff railroads reached reconstruction represented Republican party Revolution rise ruling class sea-board secure settlers slave holding class small capitalist small farmers smugglers social class social progress social stage society soon South southern chattel strike supremacy Thaddeus Stevens tion trade United vote wage slave wage slavery wage workers woolen
Page 26 - He has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating and carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither.
Page 30 - But they could not monopolize the markets, unless they could obtain a cheap supply of food and clothing for their negroes, and raise their cotton at such reduced prices as to undersell their rivals. A manufacturing population, with its mechanical coadjutors, in the midst of the provision growers, on a scale such as the Protective policy contemplated, it was conceived, would create a permanent market for their products, and enhance the price; whereas, if this manufacturing could be prevented, and...
Page 14 - What matters it whether a landlord employing ten laborers on his farm gives them annually as much money as will buy them the necessaries of life, or gives them those necessaries at short hand?
Page 31 - Northern men into agriculture; multiply the growth, and diminish the price of provisions; feed and clothe their slaves at lower rates; produce their cotton for a third or fourth of former prices; rival all other countries in its cultivation; monopolize the trade in the article throughout the whole of Europe; and build up a commerce and a navy that would make us the ruler of the seas.
Page 26 - This piratical warfare, the opprobrium of INFIDEL powers, is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain. Determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought and sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce.
Page 37 - Cotton mill owners resolved to turn a portion of their establishments to the manufacture of woolen. .. .Every machine was run so as to produce the greatest amount of goods and in many cases the mills were run night and day. It was an era of great prosperity. The woolen machinery of the country was more than doubled during the war." The Civil war made iron the King of the American industrial world. The war tariff, railroad building, and new inventions all contributed to this supremacy. The slight...
Page 41 - So that at the beginning of reconstruction the people were generally impoverished. The farms had gone to waste ; live stock had disappeared so that there were barely enough farm animals to meet the demands of agriculture ; business was at a standstill ; banks and commercial agencies had either suspended or closed on account of insolvency; the currency was in a wretched condition; the disbanded Confederate soldiers returned to their homes to find desolation and starvation staring them in the face...
Page 14 - Georgia. Let us not intermeddle. As population increases, poor laborers will be so plenty as to render slaves useless. Slavery, in time, will not be a speck in our country.
Page 41 - ... in vogue since the establishment of the colonies was completely overturned,. .. .worse than all this was the fact that about onethird of the white bread-winners of the state had either been sacrificed in the contest or were disabled for life, so that they 41 could no longer be considered as factors in the work of economic organization.
Page 40 - Among the workingmen, a few choice spirits, North and South, knowing that all the burdens, and none of the honors, of war are entailed upon labor, were engaged in an effort to frustrate the plans of those who seemed to desire, and whose fanaticism was calculated to precipitate, hostilities.