Classical Architecture: An Introduction to Its Vocabulary and Essentials, with a Select Glossary of Terms
Professor James Stevens Curl discusses in clear, straightforward language the origins of classical architecture in Greek and Roman antiquity and outlines its continuous development, through its various manifestations during the Renaissance, its transformations in Baroque and Rococo phases, its reemergence in eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and twentieth-century Neoclassicism, and its survival into the modern era. The text and illustrations celebrate the richness of the classical architectural vocabulary, grammar, and language, and demonstrate the enormous range of themes and motifs found in the subject.
All those who wish to look at buildings old and new with an informed eye will find in this book a rich fund of material, and the basis for an understanding of a fecund source of architectural design that has been at the heart of western culture for over two and a half millennia.
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PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
THE ORDERS OF ARCHITECTURE AND THEIR APPLICATION
THE GRAECOROMAN ROOTS OF CLASSICAL ARCHITECTURE
THE RENAISSANCE PERIOD
BAROQUE ROCOCO AND PALLADIANISM
Neoclassicism and Rome Cordemoy and Laugier the rediscovery of Greece the Greek Revival
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abacus acanthus aedicules angle antae anthemion Antiquity apophyge arcade Architects architrave arcuated astragal Baroque base Batsford blocks Bramante building called central centre century church circular Classical Architecture colonnade columns or pilasters Composite Order concave Corinthian Order corner cornice curved cyma decoration dentils diameter Diocletian Window dome Doric Order echinus Egyptian elements elliptical engaged columns enriched entablature facade fillet flutes frieze front Greek Architecture Greek Doric Order guttae height hexastyle horizontal intercolumniation Ionic capital Langley lintel London metopes modillions motifs moulding mutules Neoclassical Neoclassicism ornament ovolo Palazzo Palladian Palladio panel Pantheon pedestal pediment piers pilasters plain plinth portico primitive projecting prostyle rectangular Renaissance Revival Rococo Roman Doric Rome roof rustication scroll sculpture segmental semicircular Serliana Serlio shaft side soffite space square stone style superimposed Orders temple theme Thermae Tlie torus triglyphs triumphal arch Tuscan Order unfluted usually vault vertical Vignola Vitruvius volutes wall