Classical Horizons: The Origins of Sociology in Ancient Greece

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SUNY Press, Feb 1, 2012 - Social Science - 212 pages
This work relocates the origins of nineteenth-century social theory in classical Greece and focuses on three figures: Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Émile Durkheim, all of whom wrote dissertations on the culture and structure of ancient society. Greek philosophy, art, and politics inspired their ideas, stirred their imaginations, and defined their intellectual horizons. McCarthy rediscovers the forgotten dreams and classical horizons of these European social theorists and uncovers the close connections between sociology and philosophy, offering new insights into the methods, theories, and approaches of modern social science.
 

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Contents

KARL MARX ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY AND THE CRITIQUE OF POLITICAL ECONOMY
15
Science and Nature in Democritus and Epicurus
17
Nature Praxis and Social Objectivity
22
Classical Needs and Neoclassical Aesthetics
25
Ancient and Modern Democracy
34
Greek Social Justice and Political Economy in Capital
42
Rationalization of Production and the Logic of Capital
47
Greek Physics and Marxs Dialectical Science
51
Prophets of Positivism and the Politics of Science
92
Rationalization and the Eclipse of Reason
99
Classical Humanism and Historical Economics
103
EMILE DURKHEIM GREEK POLIS AND THE SOLIDARITY OF THE CONSCIENCE COLLECTIVE
111
Aristotle Montesquieu and the Foundations of Sociology
113
Origins of Society in Rousseau and Aristotle
118
Epistemology and Existentialism in Kant and Schopenhauer
121
Platonic Rationalism and the Sophistry of Pragmatism
124

Classical Antiquity and the Ancient Mode of Production
59
MAX WEBER GREEK TRAGEDY AND THE RATIONALIZATION OF SOCIETY
64
Classical Antiquity and Ancient Capitalism
67
Capitalism and Democracy in the Greek Polis
72
Decline of the Roman Empire and the Rise of Modern Capitalism
75
Nietzsche and the Origins of Greek Tragedy
79
Existential Nihilism and the Perspectivism of Science
85
History of Western Science from Plato to the Present
88
Collective Representations as Social Epistemology
131
Hellenic Solidarity and Modern Anomie
138
Classical Pedagogy and Modern Politics
147
Classical Justice Informing Social Democracy
150
AWAKENING CLASSICAL DREAMS SYNTHESIS OF ANCIENT JUSTICE AND MODERN SOCIAL SCIENCE
157
Notes
169
Index
193
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About the author (2012)

George E. McCarthy is the National Endowment for the Humanities Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology at Kenyon College. His books include Objectivity and the Silence of Reason: Weber, Habermas, and the Methodological Disputes in German Sociology; Romancing Antiquity: German Critique of the Enlightenment from Weber to Habermas; and Dialectics and Decadence: Echoes of Antiquity in Marx and Nietzsche.

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