Classical Spirituality in Contemporary America: The Confluence and Contribution of G.I. Gurdjieff and Sufism
G.I. Gurdjieff (d. 1949) remains an important, if controversial, figure in early 20th-century Western Esoteric thought. Born in the culturally diverse region of the Caucasus, Gurdjieff traveled in Asia, Africa, and elsewhere in search of practical spiritual knowledge. Though oftentimes allusive, references to Sufi teachings and characters take a prominent position in Gurdjieff's work and writings. Since his death, a discourse on Gurdjieff and Sufism has developed through the contributions as well as critiques of his students and interlocutors. J.G. Bennett began an experimental Fourth Way' school in England in the 1970s which included the introduction of Sufi practices and teachings. In America this discourse has further expanded through the collaboration and engagement of contemporary Sufi teachers.
This work does not simply demonstrate the influence of Gurdjieff and his ideas, but approaches the specific discourse on and about Gurdjieff and Sufism in the context of contemporary religious and spiritual teachings, particularly in the United States, and highlights some of the adaptive, boundary-crossing, and hybrid features that have led to the continuing influence of Sufism.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Other editions - View all
approach Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Beelzebub’s Beshara Bukhara chapter Christianity Claymont Court connections conscious labor context continued Coombe Springs courses at Claymont courses at Sherborne critique culture dervish discourse about Gurdjieff early East encountered enneagram esoteric experience ﬁgures ﬁlm ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁve G. I. Gurdjieff Gamard groups Gurdjieff and Bennett Gurdjieff and Suﬁsm Gurdjieff’s discourse Gurdjieff’s teachings Hartmann Helminski human ibid Idries Shah inﬂuence intentional suffering introduced Islam Islam and Suﬁsm Istanbul Jelaluddin Loras Khwajagan labor and intentional Malamati Meetings with Remarkable Mevlevi Order Mevlevi tradition movements Mullah Nassr Eddin Muslim Muzaffer Ozak mystical Naqshbandi notion Ouspensky’s P. D. Ouspensky particular Pierre Elliot practices references reﬂects religion religious Reshad Feild ritual Rumi Sabaheddin sacred Sarmoung Shah’s shaykh Sherborne House signiﬁcant Siileyman Loras soul speciﬁc spiritual transformation Subud Suﬁ orders Suﬁ teachers Suﬁ teachings Suﬁ tradition Thomas de Hartmann Turkey West writings Yagan zikr