Classification and Knowledge Organization: Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft Für Klassifikation E.V., University of Freiburg, March 6 - 8, 1996 ; with 80 Tables

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 19, 1997 - Business & Economics - 684 pages
This volume presents 71 articles dealing with models and methods of data analysis and classification, statistics and stochastics, information systems and text analysis as well as manifold applications. These articles are se­ lected from about 160 papers presented at the 20th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft fUr Klassifikation. This conference was organized by R. Klar, at the Abteilung fiir Medizinische Informatik of the University of Freiburg from March 6 to 8, 1996. Based on the submitted and revised papers eight sections have been arranged, where the number of papers in the sections is given in parentheses: 1. Data Analysis and Classification (10) 2. Neural Networks and Pattern Recognition (4) 3. Statistical Models and Methods (11) 4. Information Systems: Design and Implementation (7) 5. Text Analysis and Information Retrieval (10) 6. Applications in Medicine (15) 7. Applications in Economics and Social Sciences (7) 8. Applications in Archaeology, Biology, Linguistics and Dialectometry (7) This grouping doesn't separate strictly, but it shows how theoretical aspects, applications and interdisciplinarities are interrelated in many respects. For convenience of the reader the contents of this volumne is briefly summarized. 1. Data Analysis and Classification This section presents ten articles dealing with different problems of data analysis and classification, especially with several aspects of multidimen­ sional scaling (MDS), three-way data analysis, stochastic aspects in cluster­ ing and regression of ordinal data. The survey article of M. W. Trosset considers an approach to define and classify MDS problems as optimization problems.
 

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Contents

Probability Models for Convex Clusters
3
Analyzing Multineuronal Spike Patterns
15
Fixed Point Clusters and Their Relation to Stochastic Models
20
A Metric Approach for Ordinal Regression
28
Graphical Stability of Data Analysing Software
36
Analysis A Showcase of Methods and Examples
44
A Hybrid Global Optimization Algorithm for Multidimensional Scaling
63
Ordinal Regression
72
Computer Aided Text Analysis and Typology Construction
363
Information Ecology and the Internet
371
Network Approaches in Text Analysis
381
Solving Problems or Creating Them?
390
Introducing ATLASti for Windows 95
399
Applications in Medicine
409
Some Issues in the Comparison of Diagnostic Tests from a Paired Experiment
411
Formal Modeling of Medical Concept Systems Considering PartWhole Relations
426

Numerical Algorithms for Multidimensional Scaling
80
High Dimensional Clustering Using Parallel Coordinates and the Grand Tour
93
Neural Networks and Pattern Recognition
103
A Symbolic Representation for Patterns in Time Series Using Definitive Clause Grammars
105
A Statisticians Possible View
112
Some Basic Issues and Application Aspects
123
A Hierarchical Neural Network Model for Pattern Recognitionm2
136
Statistical Models and Methods
143
Markov Random Field Models with Spatially Varying Coefficients
145
Distribution of a Likelihood Ratio Statistic for Spatial Disease Clusters
153
A Comparative Assessment
162
A OneStep Optimization Procedure for ARFIMA Processes
171
Minimum Volume Sets in Statistics Recent Developments
187
Fusion of Data Sets in Multivariate Linear Regression with ErrorsinVariables
195
Discriminant Analysis for Directional Data Exemplified in a Concrete Case
208
Combination of Tests and Sequential Classification
215
Classes of Influential Observations
223
Bayesian NonLinear Latent Variable Models
231
Information Systems Design and Implementation
243
Case Based Software Engineering CBSE The Example of a Store Control System
245
Optimization in Probabilistic Logic for Decision Support Systems
253
Learning Strategies for Managing New and Innovative Products
262
Interoperable Database Systems
270
Consistent Completion of Incomplete Data Objects
280
Towards a CaseBased Assistant for the Conceptual Modelling of Information Systems
289
Foundational Aspects of KnowledgeBased Information Systems in Scientific Domains
300
Text Analysis and Information Retrieval
311
A PlanningBased Approach to Intelligent Information Retrieval in Text Databases
313
From TextBased Retrieval to Cognitive User Interaction
324
A Note on Intelligent Information Retrieval Tools in the World Wide Web
335
ComputerAided Methods for Typification in Qualitative Social Research
342
Classification of Text Analysis Software
355
Classification of Oligodendrogliomas Using Neural Networks
434
Statistical Methods to Estimate the Impact of Risk Factors on the Disease Load in a Population
441
Neural Networks for Classification of Image Data in Quantitative Pathology
449
Variations on the Shapley Solution for Partitioning Risks in Epidemiology
458
Generalized Regression Trees Applied to Longitudinal Nutritional Survey Data
467
The UMLS Approach
475
Changing Patterns of Preventive Knowledge and Behaviour
490
for KnowledgeBased Analysis of Medical Texts
499
On the Development and Validation of Classification Schemes in Survival Data
509
Use of Cross validation to Assess Diagnostic Classification Schemes of Atopic Dermatitis
519
Differences of Representing a Conventional Classification by the Compositional Concept Representation Languages BERNWARD and GRAIL
530
An Interim Report about an Interdisciplinary Cooperation
539
Realization of a Medical Data Dictionary in a Relational Database Management System
547
Applications in Economics and Social Sciences
555
TwoMode Overlapping Clustering With Applications to Simultaneous Benefit Segmentation and Market Structuring
557
An Application of TwoMode Classification to Analyze the Statistical Software Market
567
Correspondence Analysis of Square Tables with an Application to Social Mobility
573
Identifying BenchmarkingPartners Using TwoMode Classification
581
Supporting the Search for Final Scenarios by the FuzzyCMeans Algorithm
588
Research
596
Neural Networks as Instruments for Automotive Market Segmentation
604
Applications in Archaeology Biology Linguistics and Dialectometry
615
Modelling Methods and Prior Information
617
Probabilistic Aspects of Sequence Repeats and Sequencing by Hybridization
631
On the Equivalence of Two Tree Mapping Measures
642
Deriving Grammars from Large Corpora
650
Investigation of the Language in Germany and Austria Using Statistical Methods
658
The Handling of Synonym Feature Realizations
661
Interactive Graphical Analysis of Regional Dialects
669
including List of Authors
677
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