Cleomenes on the Acropolis: an inaugural lecture delivered before the University of Oxford on 12 May 1997
The Spartan king Cleomenes, having seized the acropolis of Athens in 507 BC with the aim of suppressing the young democracy, is ordered by the priestess of Athena to withdraw from the goddess's shrine, where no Dorian is permitted to enter. Robert Parker uses this little incident to illustrate some of the multiple types of question that a Greek historian may choose to confront in the late twentieth century: questions about political history, about gender relations, about ethnicity. In particular, he takes up the priestess's attempt to debar a stranger from a sanctuary on ethnic grounds, and reflects on the role of shared cults in creating group solidarity at almost every level of society in Greece.
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Acarnanian Achaean league acropolis Aegium Aetolian league amphictyonies Anactorium Ancient Greek Antigonus Doson Apollo Arcadian Archaic Greece Artemis Asylia Athena Athena Itonia Aymard Boeotians Caria celebrated certainly cite cities citizen claim clan Cleomenes Cleomenes III common shrines confederacy cult Dercylidas Dorian Early Hellenistic Coinage Elatea ethne ethnic group Ethnic Identity ethnos Etudes beotiennes federal festival goddess grecque Greek City-State Greek history Greek society Greek world Habicht Hamarion hellenistic period Herakleia Herodotus historians honouring Hornblower Hyampolis idem IG IX2 IMagn Ionian Isagoras Iscrizioni islands kinship koinon Lesbos LSCG Lykaia M. H. Hansen Magnesia Malkin Morkholm Myth omen Oxford panhellenic Paris Paus Pausanias Peloponnese Phocian Pindar Plut Poleis Polis Polyb Polybius Poseidon priestess region religion religious practices Rigsby Roesch sacred centre sacrificed sacrifices sanctuary Schachter shared blood Staatskunde Strabo Syll territory texts Thermum Thessalian Thessaly third century Thuc Thucydides town unifying women worship Zeus