Climate Since A.D. 1500

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Raymond S. Bradley, Philip D. Jones
Psychology Press, 1995 - Nature - 706 pages
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In order to understand how climate may vary in the future--whether as a result of human activities or of natural fluctuations--we must first understand how and why it has varied in the past. The period since A.D. 1500 is of particular interest, encompassing as it did not only the 'Little Ice Age', but also unusual solar activity and several exceptionally large explosive volcanic eruptions. Climate Since A.D. 1500 discusses the many diverse records of climatic variations that are available for the last 500 years. An introductory chapter provides an explanation of the methods used in the chapters which follow, and a final chapter summarizes data from all the various records. Factors which are potentially important in causing climatic changes are also discussed. The result is a new perspective on the so-called 'Little Ice Age' and also on the climate of the twentieth century. The editors have gathered together over fifty contributors from all over the world to provide as wide a geographical dimension as possible. All leading scientists in their fields, they present climatic and meteorological records of climatic variations available for the last 500 years, including research from several areas not previously recorded in an English language volume. These include long instrumental records, historical documents, dendroclimatic data and ice core records from all over the world including Antarctica, North and South America, North Africa, the Soviet Union, the Far East and Australasia.
 

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Contents

Introduction R S Bradley and P D Jones page
1
Hudsons Bay Company ships logbooks as sources of sea ice data 17511870
17
western Hudson Bay Canada
40
Historical climate records from the northeastern United States 1640 to 1900
74
Documentary evidence for changes in the climate of Iceland A D 1500 to 1800
92
Reconstructing the climate of northern Italy from archive sources
143
Three historical data series on floods and anomalous climatic events in Italy
155
Documentary evidence from the U S S R E P Borisenkov
171
Dendroclimatic evidence from the northern Soviet Union D A Gray bill
393
Dendroclimatic evidence from the western Himalaya M K Hughes
415
Dendroclimatic studies in China X D Wu
432
South American dendroclimatological records J A Boninsegna
446
Dendroclimatic evidence from Australasia D A Norton and J G Palmer
463
ICE CORE EVIDENCE
483
climatic reconstructions from
505
Ice core evidence from Peru and China L G Thompson
517

Reconstruction of the 18th century summer precipitation of Nanjing Suzhou
184
Beijing summer temperatures since 1724 W C Wang D Portman
210
Reconstruction of rainfall variation of the Baiu in historical times A Murata
224
Climatic variations in the longest instrumental records P D Jones
246
DENDROCLIMATIC EVIDENCE
269
Dendroclimatic evidence from northern North America R D DArrigo
296
Dendroclimatic evidence from the Great Plains of the United States
312
Dendroclimatic evidence from eastern North America E R Cook
331
Dendroclimatic evidence from southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa
349
Recent dendroclimatic evidence of northern and central European summer
366
Ice core evidence from the Antarctic Peninsula region D A Peel
549
ice core
572
FORCING FACTORS
593
Records of explosive volcanic eruptions over the last 500 years R S Bradley
606
The historical record of El Nino events W H Quinn and V T Neal
623
SUMMARY
649
Recent developments in studies of climate since A D 1500 R S Bradley
666
Subject Index
681
Name Index
695
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About the author (1995)

Teresa Bradley, BSc AFIMA lectures in mathematics at Limerick Institute of Technology and has previously lectured in mathematics at the University of Limerick, Ireland. Paul.
Paul Patton, BA MA (Econ) lectures in economics at Limerick Senior College and has previously lectured at Galway Regional Technical College, Ireland.

Brandon R. Jones has developed some of the Web's best-selling WordPress themes. He has a strong background in graphic design, digital illustration, and userinterface design.

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