Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems
Central European University Press, 2005 - Business & Economics - 366 pages
This book explores the interconnections between climate, policy and agriculture in Russia and the former Soviet Union between 1900 and 1990. During this period there were several periods of grain and other food shortages some of which reached disaster proportions resulting in mass famine and death on an unprecedented scale. traditional official and other sources have been used to explore the extent to which policy and vagaries in climate conspired to affect agricultural yeilds. Were the leaders (Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev) policies sound in theory but failed in practice because of unpredictable weather? How did the Soviet peasants react to these changes? What impact did Soviet agriculture have on the overall economy of the country? These are all questions that are taken into account in this book. various political eras. In each the policy of the central government is discussed followed by the climate vagaries during that period. Crop yeilds are then analysed in the light of policy and climate. these factors from such a wide range of sources in the last century.
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1 Ratio of grain production to demand in the regions
on the size of the harvest
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50 percent affected by drought agricultural production amount of grain arable land autumn average Black Earth region capita cattle centners per hectare Central Black Earth cereal yields crop area crop failure drought estimate European Russia feed grain figures fodder food consumption food crisis food problems food shortages food situation grain harvest grain procurement grain production growth hectares ibid increase Izvestia Kazakhstan Khrushchev kilograms kolkhozes livestock livestock sector Low Volga mass famine meat production Middle Volga milk million hectares million tons millions of tons Moscow North Caucasus oblast official statistics period poor harvest population Pravda pre-war provinces reached result RSFSR rubles Russian Empire Russian Federation Sovetskaya Rossia Soviet agriculture Soviet authorities Soviet statistics Soviet Union sovkhozes spring steppe Table tion Ukraine Urals USSR virgin lands virgin lands campaign Volga basin Volga region weather conditions Western experts Western Siberia wheat Wheatcroft and Davies zone