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Anatomy and Innervation of
Evoked Potential Testing
Ahmad Elbadawi 5
28 other sections not shown
abnormal activity adrenergic afferent alpha-adrenergic anticholinergic atropine autonomic bethanechol blad bladder capacity bladder contraction bladder filling bladder neck catheter catheterization cholinergic clinical colleagues contractility cuff cystometry decrease denervation detrusor contraction detrusor hyperreflexia detrusor instability detrusor muscle detrusor pressure dyssynergia effect electrical stimulation electrodes electromyography evaluation external sphincter female fibers flow rate function hyperreflexia increase inhibition innervation intravesical intravesical pressure lesion lower urinary tract male maximum measured mechanical micturition motor multiple sclerosis neurogenic bladder neurologic neuron neurotransmitter normal obstruction occur outlet parasympathetic patients pelvic floor percent perineal peripheral pharmacologic potential prostatectomy prostatic proximal urethra pudendal nerve receptors reflex relaxation residual urine response sacral Scand sensory Siroky smooth muscle spinal cord stress incontinence striated muscle striated sphincter surgery symptoms technique therapy thral tients tion treatment trusor urethral pressure urethral sphincter urinary bladder urinary incontinence urinary retention urodynamic Urol Urology vaginal velocity vesical vesicourethral voiding dysfunction volume