Clinical Neuropsychology of Alcoholism
Alcohol abuse is a major health problem in most parts of the world. This book focuses on the way in which alcohol affects the brain, with the aim of describing advances in the neuropsychology of alcoholism in a way that makes this work accessible to clinicians from a variety of backgrounds who treat people with alcohol-related problems.; The book is divided into four parts. Part One provides an introduction to the medical and neurological conditions that can result from alcoholism, and to the process of neuropsychological assessment. The problems involved in conducting research in this area are also considered. In Part Two, research that focuses directly on changes to the nervous system is surveyed. This includes studies of both the short-term and the chronic neurological changes in the brain caused by alcohol. In Part Three, studies of the neuropsychological effects of acute intoxication, social drinking and alcohol abuse are described. Finally, in Part Four, the implications of neuropsychological research for the assessment and management of patients with alcohol problems are considered.
The objective of this book is to collate the range of research work that is relevant to understanding how alcohol affects the brain. This includes both the acute and the chronic effects, at both the biological and physiological levels.
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Rehabilitation of Patients with Alcoholrelated Cognitive
Adverse Effects of Alcohol Consumption
Assessment of Cognition and Drinking Practices
Cognition in Social Drinkers
Cognitive Impairment in Alcoholics
Neuropsychology of the WernickeKorsakoff Syndrome
Implications for the Treatment of Alcoholic Patients
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abnormalities abstinence acute alcohol abuse alcohol consumption alcohol dependence alcohol intoxication alcoholic group alcoholic patients amnesia amnesic amnesic patients anterograde amnesia assessment associated atrophy average Begleiter brain damage cerebral changes Chapter chronic alcohol abuse cirrhosis clinical cognitive cognitive functioning cognitive impairment control group correlations cortical CT-scan differences disorder doses dysfunction effects of alcohol encephalopathy evidence experimental factors family history findings frequency frontal lobe hypothesis increased involved Korsakoff patients Korsakoff's syndrome learning lesions Lishman male mammillary bodies measures memory tests metabolism metamemory neurological neuropsychological tests non-alcoholic normal outcome Parker Parsons pattern performance placebo predicted premorbid problems procedures range rCBF recall relationship reported retrograde amnesia risk sample scale scanning scores self-report severe showed significant significantly SILS skills social drinkers state-dependent learning stimuli studies subtests suggested symptoms task treatment validity variables verbal WAIS-R WCST Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome Wernicke's encephalopathy withdrawal