Clinical Nutrition: Early Intervention
Demetre Labadarios, Claude Pichard
Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers, Jan 1, 2002 - Medical - 315 pages
Scientists from the fields of biochemistry, body composition, intensive care, medicine, nutrition, pediatrics, physiology, and surgery provided the 17 papers that were first presented at the 2001 workshop (exact date not noted). They discuss the administration of nutritional support, in particular, the questions of timing, composition, and clinical settings of such support in light of emerging evidence about the immunomodulatory effects of specific nutrients and their influence on the inflammatory response. Specific topics include fatty acids and gene expression related to inflammation, intravenous supply of functional lipid components, the contribution of trace elements to the efficacy of nutritional support, and signaling factors for gut adaptation. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Genotypic Inﬂuences on Metabolic Alterations during Inﬂammation and the Nutritional Outcome
Fatty Acids and Gene Expression Related to Inflammation
Nutritional Modulation of Gut Inflammation
How Valid Is the Concept of Antioxidants and Cell Injury?
Optimizing Intravenous Supply of Functional Lipid Components
Optimization of Dietary Protein Intake during Aging
Critical Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes
Contribution to the Efficacy of Nutritional Support
Can We Get Rid of the Myths?
For Whom and When?
Body Composition or Muscle Function?
A Lesson for Nutritional Monitoring
EvidenceBased Nutrition and CostEffectiveness
What of the Future?
Thoughts for the Future
Timing of Nutritional Support
Signaling Factors for Gut Adaptation
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activity amino acids anti-inﬂammatory antioxidant Beaufr`ere beneﬁcial beneﬁt body composition cancer cardiac cells chronic Clin Nutr clinical Crit critically ill patients Crohn’s disease cytokines decrease deﬁciency deﬁned diet dietary difﬁcult effects efﬁcacy eicosanoids eicosapentaenoic acid endothelial enteral feeding enteral nutrition factors failure fatty acids ﬁbers ﬁeld ﬁrst ﬁsh oil free radical function gene glucose glutamine glutathione Grifﬁths growth Heymsﬁeld hormone hospital immune immunonutrition increased infection inﬂammation inﬂammatory response inﬂuence insulin intake intestinal intravenous JPEN J Parenter Labadarios levels lipid liver malnourished malnutrition membrane metabolic mitochondrial Modulation mortality mucosa n-3 fatty acids n-3 PUFA nutrients nutritional intervention nutritional support outcome oxidative stress oxygen Parenter Enteral Nutr plasma pro-inﬂammatory probiotics production protein synthesis reactive oxygen species reduced respiratory risk role selenium sepsis signiﬁcant signiﬁcantly skeletal muscle speciﬁc studies supplementation surgery syndrome therapy tissue total parenteral nutrition trace elements trauma vitamin vitamin E Waitzberg zinc