Clinical Orthoptics has become established as a basic reference text providing fundamental information on anatomy, innervation and orthoptic investigation, plus diagnosis and management of strabismus, ocular motility and related disturbances. It is aimed at trainee ophthalmologists and orthoptic undergraduate students. Qualified orthoptists, general ophthalmologists and optometrists will also find valuable guidance in these pages.
In this edition, the author has maintained the goal of producing a user-friendly, clinically relevant and succinct book, while revising it to reflect a variety of developments in the field.
Orthoptic Investigative Procedures
Relating to fixation distance
Ptosis and Pupils
Mechanical Paralytic Strabismus
Soft tissue injury
Amblyopia and Visual Impairment
Further reading 231 11 A and V Patterns
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abnormal head posture accommodation adduction Aetiology amblyopia American Journal American Orthoptic Journal angle of deviation Archives of Ophthalmology assessed associated bilateral Binocular function binocular single vision botulinum toxin British Journal British Orthoptic Journal Brown’s syndrome Clinical Orthoptics congenital contralateral Cover test cranial nerve decompensation diagnosis dioptres diplopia Disorders distance fixation downgaze elevation esotropia exophoria extraocular muscles eye movements fracture fusion range Hess chart horizontal hypermetropia incomitance inferior oblique inferior rectus intermittent Investigative Ophthalmology ipsilateral Journal of Ophthalmology Journal of Pediatric lateral rectus lenses lesions Management microtropia Neurology Noorden GK normal nucleus nystagmus oblique muscle occlusion Ocular motility Ophthal Ophthalmology and Strabismus ophthalmoplegia orbital overaction Paralytic Strabismus patient pattern Pediatric Ophthalmology primary position prism dioptres ptosis pupil rectus muscle refractive error retinal correspondence saccadic smooth pursuit stereopsis superior rectus surgery surgical sutures symptoms synoptophore third nerve palsy thyroid eye disease transposition trauma treatment unilateral vergence visual acuity