Clinical epidemiology: the study of the outcome of illness, Volume 11; Volume 1986
This short, clear volume describes the epidemiologic concepts and methods for determining and measuring the factors that affect the outcome of illness. It focuses on the impact of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, presenting this information in a clinical context, with emphasis on decision analysis. The book stresses methodology, risk assessment, and the balancing of risk and benefit. A particular strength is the use of real studies from the medical literature as examples. This helpful book will enhance the skill of clinicians who conduct or interpret research into illness outcome.
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What It Is and How It Is Used
What Information Is Needed
Measuring Their Role
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adjusted analysis associated bias blood pressure breast cancer case-control studies cervical cancer characteristics cimetidine clinical criteria clinical epidemiology clinical trials clinically negative cohort compared condition confounding Coronary Drug Project coronary heart disease costs dacarbazine death decision detection determine developed diagnosis diazepam difference disease endometrial cancer endometriosis endpoint Engl estimate estrogen evaluate the efficacy example experimental studies factors follow-up frequency head trauma heart failure hospital hypercalcemia hysterectomy identify illness influence intracranial hematoma investigators JAMA lidocaine measure monitoring mortality rates myocardial infarction natural history nonexperimental studies number of subjects obtained occur oral contraceptive outcome outpatient patients with head persons pertussis physicians placebo population possible present progression/complications proportion prostate cancer randomized controlled trials received the therapy renal risk skull fracture skull x-ray stage standard ECG surgery survival symptoms therapeutic transplantation treated treatment groups tumor unscreened users vaccine valid VPB per hour women x-ray films