Clinical Nutrition: Early Intervention
Demetre Labadarios, Claude Pichard
Karger, Jan 1, 2002 - Medical - 315 pages
Keeps track of new developments and approaches in early nutrition support Today the provision of nutritional intervention is widely accepted as an efficient means in preventing malnutrition and attenuating catabolism. Recently it has also acquired significant importance due to the emerging evidence on the immunomodulatory effects of specific nutrients and their ability to alter the inflammatory response. These developments have evoked a series of questions as to the timing, composition and clinical settings of any such administered support. This publication focuses on new findings regarding nutritional implications in metabolic alterations during inflammation, immunonutrients including antioxidant micronutrients, changes in body composition, the role of genetics, and various aspects of administration, especially the advantages of initiating enteral nutrition during early disease states. The book contains a useful state-of-the-art presentation for all professionals involved with nutrition, biochemistry, body composition, intensive care, physiology, surgery and nursing.
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Inflammation and the Nutritional Outcome
Fatty Acids and Gene Expression Related to Inflammation
Nutritional Modulation of Gut Inflammation
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activity acute phase response amino acids antioxidant Beaufrère benefit body composition cancer cardiac cells chronic Clin Nutr clinical concentrations Crit critically ill patients Crohn's disease cytokines decrease deficiency diet dietary effects eicosanoids eicosapentaenoic acid elderly endothelial enhance enteral feeding enteral nutrition failure fatty acids fish oil free radical function gene glucose glutamine glutathione Grimble hormone hospital immune immunonutrition improve increased infection inflammation inflammatory response insulin intake intestinal intravenous JPEN J Parenter Labadarios levels lipid lipoprotein liver malnourished malnutrition membrane metabolic mitochondrial modulate mortality mucosal n-3 fatty acids n-3 PUFA Nestlé nitrogen nutrients nutritional intervention nutritional support outcome oxidative stress Parenter Enteral Nutr peroxide Pichard plasma postoperative probiotics production protein synthesis reduced respiratory risk role selenium sepsis septic skeletal muscle studies supplementation surgery syndrome therapy tissue TNF-O total parenteral nutrition trace elements trauma trial vitamin vitamin E Wagenmakers Waitzberg zinc