Clinical Tests for the Musculoskeletal System: Examinations, Signs, Phenomena

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Thieme, 2004 - Medical - 272 pages
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The mainstay of orthopedic diagnosis continues to be the physical examination of the patient following a thorough history. This convenient pocketbook presents a comprehensive collection of the clinical tests that are used in orthopedic diagnosis, thereby answering the following questions: - What tests are available for examining a particular joint, and how are they to be interpreted? - What is meant by the name of a test that is mentioned in the literature or in a physician's report? The methodology and interpretation of all relevant test procedures are presented in almost 500 instructive drawings and brief descriptions: - Initial tests - Functional tests - Stress tests - Stability tests Tables on the examination of the spinal column, shoulder joint, and knee joint help in selecting the most suitable examinations. An invaluable aid for physical therapists, orthopedic surgeons, and primary care or emergency room physicians
 

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Contents

Spine
1
Chest Tests
7
Thoracic and Lumbar Spine Tests
22
Sacroiliac Stress Test
45
Shoulder
59
Rotator Cuff Impingement Symptoms
67
Long Head of the Biceps Tendon
84
Shoulder Instability
91
Hip
141
Knee
162
Meniscus
176
Knee Ligament Stability Tests
193
Function Tests to Assess the Posterior Cruciate Ligament
216
Foot
224
Posture Deficiency
241
Occlusive Arterial Disease
251

Elbow
103
Compression Syndrome Tests
112
Function Tests
118
Hemiparesis
258
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Page 84 - Assessing the stability of the long head of the biceps tendon in the bicipital groove: the Yergason test.
Page 80 - Acromioclavicular Joint The acromial end of the clavicle articulates with the acromion.
Page 179 - ... thumb and index finger. With the other hand, the examiner grasps the patient's foot and rotates the patient's lower leg.
Page 257 - The patient is asked to rotate his or her head toward the contralateral side (away from the side being examined).
Page 257 - ... (compression of the subclavian artery between the first rib and the clavicle...
Page 127 - Compression of the median nerve can occur in the carpal tunnel. Formed by the carpal bones and the flexor retinaculum, the carpal tunnel encloses all of the finger flexor tendons and the median nerve.
Page 31 - Often patients will also experience pain in the lower abdomen and groin due to tension in the iliopsoas.
Page 2 - The main motions are flexion and extension in the sagittal plane, lateral bending in the coronal plane, and rotation around the longitudinal axis.

About the author (2004)

formerly Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Municipal Hospital, Dortmund, Germany

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