Cloisters of Europe: gardens of prayer
If the church is said to be the soul of an abbey, the cloister is surely its heart. The cloister, a space secluded -- as its Latin derivation suggests -- within four galleries is at once a place of peace and a ceaseless crossroads. As the hub of all activity, through which monks progressed from task to task and prayer to prayer throughout the day from matins to vespers, its classic layout inspired some of the most extraordinary and varied architectural treasures of the world. Cloisters of Europe covers the cloister throughout western Europe -- Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, and Britain -- between the ninth and fifteenth centuries and is a celebration of art and architecture from stark pre-Romanesque to flamboyant late Gothic. With an enlightening introduction to the history of religious orders and their devotional life, it is a magnificently illustrated monument to art, antiquity, and spiritual profundity.
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FORM AND FUNCTION
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abbey abbot angel apostles arches architectural Arles Arlles Augustine Batalha Portugal BEAUTY OF CLOISTERS Benedictine Rule Bernard brothers buildings canonical cloisters canons regular Carolingian Carthusian Cathedral cloister CCM VII-2 cenobitic chap chapter chapter-house Christ Christian church Cistercian claustrali claustro animae claustrum clois cloister CLOISTER AS BOOK Cluniac Cluny columns decoration depicted disciples Domingo de Silos dormitory eleventh century enclosure example feet figures foliate Following pages Gothic historiated capitals Holy Honorius Augustodunensis Hugo de Folieto iconographic Jerusalem Lavabo Manueline Mary medieval mendicant Moissac Moissac France monastery monastic monks Monreale moral parataxis Pentecost Peter portico of Solomon Portugal priests quadrangle reading refectory reform ribs Rome Saint Gall Saint-Sauveur cathedral Samson Santa Maria Santo Domingo scene sculpted sculpture secular Sicily Italy silence Silos Spain Spain spandrels spiritual Terce thirteenth century tion tracery Trophime twelfth century typological Upper gallery URBAN CLOISTERS vaults washing William Durandus wing