Clonal Forestry: Conservation and application
Provided here are both underlying theory and recent results concerning the propagation and use of clones in research and in production forestry. State-of-the-art science and case histories treating production, testing, multiplication and deployment of clones are presented. Agroforestry, urban forestry and christmas-tree farming are covered, along with more traditional multiple-use forestry and high-intensity forestry for biomass, wood and fiber production. Clonal forestry is contrasted to the more recent developments of "family forestry," and the classical tree-improvement approach relying on seed-orchards. The history of clonal forestry is covered with reviews of several centuries experience with Sugi in Japan and poplars in Europe. The impacts and use of clones in the contexts of genetic conservation and biodiversity are discussed, as are the laws and regulations affecting clonal production and deployment.
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Past Present and Anticipated Applications of Clonal
Clonal Forestry with Sugi Cryptomeria japonica
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agroforestry Ahuja areas aspen balsam poplar bamboo biomass breeding program buds Chap clonal forestry clonal forestry program clonal mixtures clonal propagation clonal selection clonal testing conifers conservation Cryptomeria japonica cultivars cutting-donor deltoides deployed deployment donors embryogenesis established eucalypts euramericana cv ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂowering forest reproductive material forest trees gene genetic diversity genetic variation genotypes germplasm grafting growth harvest hedged hybrid poplar identiﬁed inﬂuence IUFRO juvenile large numbers Libby WJ maturation methods Micropropagation monoclonal multiclonal varieties natural nigra Norway spruce number of clones nursery orchard ortet pests plantations planting stock plantlets poplar clones poplars and willows problems Proc production progeny propagules radiata ramets redwood reforestation regeneration resistance rooted cuttings rotation seed seed-orchard seedlings shoots signiﬁcant silvicultural soil somatic speciﬁc sprouts stecklings strategy sugi teak techniques tissue culture traits tree breeding tree improvement tree species tropical Univ vegetative propagation vitro wood yellow-cedar Zobel Zsuffa