Closing Motor Vehicle Beach Access in the Mid-Atlantic: Implications for Social Welfare
ProQuest, 2008 - Beaches - 93 pages
Using a mixed logit specification, I find that vehicle access closures would result in gains for all segments of the population except for surf fishers visiting either Delaware Seashore State Park or Cape Henlopen State Park. Individuals who are surf fishers but not nature-viewers visiting Delaware Seashore experience welfare losses of $100 thousand annually, and individuals who are both surf fishers and nature-viewers visiting Delaware Seashore experience losses of $10.4 million annually. Only individuals who are both surf fishers and nature-viewers experience welfare losses for closures at Cape Henlopen State Park, and they experience welfare losses of $600 thousand annually. Over the total regional population, welfare impacts range from $23.1 million annual welfare gains for access closures at Delaware Seashore State Park to $88.4 million gains for closures at Fenwick Island State Park.
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1 Sample stratification
6 Class stratification
2 Negative binomial model results
7 Aggregate welfare impacts by state millions
analysis Assateague Assateague Island Atlantic City ATLCITY beach characteristics beach trip beach you visited BOARDWALK Brigantine calculated Cape Henlopen check Other Beach choice model choice set closing vehicle access coefficient day trips Delaware beaches Delaware Seashore environmental Equation estimate expected utility experience losses Fenwick Island Fish & Nature Fish Only Surf Fisher Surf Fish fishers and nature-viewers included inclusive value individual beaches individual’s interactive variables Jersey Jersey beaches long overnight Maryland Massey Mean travel costs mixed logit model multinomial logit model negative binomial model NJ DE NJ Non-Surf Fisher Surf number of trips ocean beach Ocean City overnight trips piping plover pleasure before 2005 prefer beaches quality change recreation or pleasure revealed preference RUM model sample Seashore State Park Seaside Heights specific beach standard multinomial logit surf fishers surf-fishing beaches travel cost model triangular distribution trips taken vehicle access closure vehicle beach access visited beaches welfare gains welfare impacts