Closing the Commons: Norwegian Fisheries from Open Access to Private Property
Closing the Commons traces the development of limited fishery access from the 1930s—when a licensing system was first established for trawlers operating in Norwegian waters—through the closing of offshore fleets in the 1970s and the coastal fleet in the 1990s. Today, more than ninety percent of all Norwegian fisheries have been closed through various license systems and mandates.
Noted researcher Bjørn Hersoug analyzes this process and related issues, exploring the policy options available for future fisheries development. Extensively researched, the book is the first to fully examine the entire closing process for an English-speaking audience.
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Norway The Hesitant Reformer
The Norwegian Fishing Industry Background and Context
How to Understand the Closing Process
Limiting Access for the Trawlers From Social Policy to Conservation of Privileges
Capital Management under Extreme Certainty The Introduction of Limited Entry in Purse Seine Fisheries
From IVQs to ITQs The Gradual Closing of the Coastal Commons
Longterm Allocation Keys Between Fine Mathematics and Crude Politics
From IVQs to ITQs Development of a New Structural Policy
Paying for Limited Entry Fishing Fee or Cost Recovery?
Coping with the Aboriginal Challenge The Saami Fisheries
Recreational Fisheries A Safety Valve in the Closing Process?
Aquaculture Limited Entry but for Different Reasons
The Closing of the Norwegian Marine Commons
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