Closing the Commons: Norwegian Fisheries from Open Access to Private Property

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Eburon Uitgeverij B.V., 2005 - History - 286 pages
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Closing the Commons traces the development of limited fishery access from the 1930s—when a licensing system was first established for trawlers operating in Norwegian waters—through the closing of offshore fleets in the 1970s and the coastal fleet in the 1990s. Today, more than ninety percent of all Norwegian fisheries have been closed through various license systems and mandates. 

Noted researcher Bjørn Hersoug analyzes this process and related issues, exploring the policy options available for future fisheries development. Extensively researched, the book is the first to fully examine the entire closing process for an English-speaking audience.
 

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Contents

Norway The Hesitant Reformer
1
The Norwegian Fishing Industry Background and Context
17
How to Understand the Closing Process
41
Limiting Access for the Trawlers From Social Policy to Conservation of Privileges
57
Capital Management under Extreme Certainty The Introduction of Limited Entry in Purse Seine Fisheries
85
From IVQs to ITQs The Gradual Closing of the Coastal Commons
109
Longterm Allocation Keys Between Fine Mathematics and Crude Politics
137
From IVQs to ITQs Development of a New Structural Policy
159
Paying for Limited Entry Fishing Fee or Cost Recovery?
175
Coping with the Aboriginal Challenge The Saami Fisheries
191
Recreational Fisheries A Safety Valve in the Closing Process?
205
Aquaculture Limited Entry but for Different Reasons
219
The Closing of the Norwegian Marine Commons
239
Literature
271
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Bjørn Hersoug was the rector of the Norwegian College of Fishery Science at the University of Tromsø and has been involved with fisheries management in Norway as well as in other countries for nearly thirty years, both practically and academically. Hersoug is the author of, among other books, Fishing in a Sea of Sharks: Reconstruction and Development in the South African Fishing Industry and Fisheries Development: The Institutional Challenge.

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