Co-managing Complex Social-ecological Systems in Tanzania: The Case of Lake Jipe Wetland
It has been conventional among co-management scientists to view social-ecological systems and actors and institutions found in these systems monolithically. Such a view is simplistic and conceals the complex nature of social-ecological systems and associated institutions and actors. In essence, a social-ecological system is a complex system comprised of multiple, diverse and dynamic social-ecological units, players and rules. This book entitled Co-managing complex social-ecological systems unveils the aforementioned complexity in which Lake Jipe wetland in Tanzania is the central case. This case depicts intra-, inter- and cross-scale interactions among multiple and dynamic institutions, actors and ecological systems at different dimensions of space and time. While some candidates of actors and institutions play separate roles, others play interdependent and linking roles across the multiple sectoral social-ecological units. The book introduces the layering concept of institutions and actors in three sectoral arrangements at Lake Jipe. It argues that not only do the institutions and actors found in social-ecological systems operate next to one another but it becomes clear that they also work interdependently. This concept extends the existing knowledge of co-management practitioners and scholars about the diversity and complexity of inter-linked human-environment systems that traverse the current monolithic view and conceptual boundaries. As such, the book avoids a simplistic approach that may end up in superficial treatment of complex environmental management problem and sheds light on how to study and approach intricate social-ecological systems using a model that recognises the diversities of these intricate systems.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Comanagement of natural resources between the government and the local community
Chapter 3 Historical and administrative overview of natural resource management in Tanzania
Chapter 4 Management of fisheries resources at the Lake Jipe wetland in Tanzania
Chapter 5 Management of natural resources in agricultural production at Lake Jipe
Chapter 6 Management of natural resources in livestock production at Lake Jipe in Tanzania
agricultural production approach co-management arrangements co-management institutions collaboration community actors conservation crops cross-scale degradation District Natural Resources ecological elders empowerment entrusted exist farmers fisheries committee fisheries management fisheries policy fisheries resources fishing community fishing practises forest formal and informal government and community governmental actors governmental and community herders illicit fishing implementation informal institutions institutional arrangements institutions and actors integrated interactions involved Jipe social-ecological system Kilimanjaro Region Lake Jipe area Lake Jipe social-ecological livelihood livestock keepers livestock production Maasai management at Lake management in Tanzania management of fisheries management of natural management regimes mediating MIFIPRO Mwanga district natural resource management Natural Resources Department Natural Resources Office neo-liberal non-resident fishers organisation Pare participation pasture Pomeroy problems property rights regulations resource users resources in livestock role social strategies sustainable fisheries sustainable management sustainable natural resource thesis traditional Tsavo National Park Ujamaa unsustainable fishing upstream and downstream village government wetland