Co-operative Environmental Governance: Public-Private Agreements As a Policy Strategy
Springer Science & Business Media, Jun 30, 1998 - Law - 293 pages
New philosophies of environmental management are being put to the test in many countries.· New ideas are needed to replace or at least flank the old command and control approach, which has lost its credibility. One of the most interesting new avenues is co-operative environmental management, whereby public and private parties work together to tackle a problem. It is interesting because it seems to be well suited to handling complex environmental problems. This kind of management makes use of the policy instrument known as the Environmental Agreement. That tool is geared to the development of sustainable procedures for working out solutions. The Environmental Agreement provides scope to deal with some essential characteristics of current environmental problems. Indeed, one of the most vexing aspects of environmental problems is uncertainty, both in the ecological sphere and with respect to the economic effects of intervention. In short, this instrument takes the unknown into account.
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achieve action activities administration agencies approach areas argument Canton of Zurich central chapter civil society co-operation co-operative environmental management co-operative management model co-operative management regimes collaborative interaction collaborative management complex concept conflict consensus context corporatism corporatist debate decision decision-making democracy democratic direct economic effective energy environment environmental agreements environmental movement environmental problems Fiorino flexible Fordist framework Furthermore goals governmental groups idea initiatives innovative inputs instruments integration interests internal involved joint implementation Lean Production mechanisms models of governance negotiated solutions Netherlands objectives operative organisations organizations outcomes participants particular partners perspective Pieter Glasbergen policy networks policy-making political culture potential practice private actors private parties problem domain production process public and private Public Management public-private rationality regulation regulatory control model relations relevant role sector self-regulation social specific stakeholder steering model strategy structure sustainable development Toyota Motor Company Utrecht University