Coalescence of Styles: The Ethnic Heritage of St John River Valley Regional Furniture, 1763-1851
From the mid-eighteenth century on, cultural life in the northern valley of the St John River blended the traditions of Acadian and French Canadian settlers with those of American immigrants. In the southern valley, Mi'kmaq interacted with American newcomers and Loyalist settlers, while the later influx of Scottish and Irish immigrants introduced more layers of cultural traditions. Using an impressively diverse combination of artifacts, artwork, maps, and primary literature from over sixty museum collections and archives, Cook addresses the experiences of immigrants and artisans and their influence on the cultural boundaries along one of eastern North America's most important rivers. She moves beyond a mere catalogue of objects to provide an important comparative analysis of material heritage, showing how furniture embodied the lifestyles of differing groups of settlers.
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St John River Valley Material Culture Objects as Indicators of Cultural Regions 17631851
The Upper St John River Valley Acadian French Canadian and American Influences in the Madawaska Settlements 17851851
Anglos and Americans in the Lower St John River Valley EarlyComers Loyalist Generations and Purveyors of Yankee ClapTrap Furniture 17631851
Scots and Irish in the Lower St John River Valley Scottish FurnitureMaking Traditions and the Impact of Irish Immigrant Artisans 18151851
Valley Material Culture and the Coalescence of Regional Styles
Population of Saint John and the Madawaska Settlements 18241851
List of Artisans 1851 Census and Earlier
Household Inventory The Hon George Sproule of Fredericton 1818
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Acadian American loyalist architectural arrived artifacts artisans Beaverbrook Art Gallery birch British Brunswick Courier Brunswick furniture Brunswick Museum cabinetmakers Canada carved census chair makers chest collections colonial Country Furniture decorated designs drawers dressers early early-comer England English ethnic groups example feet Fredericton French Canadian front furniture makers heritage high-style House household Ibid illustrated imported influence Irish Irish Country Furniture James John River valley Kings Landing Historical Kinmonth Landing Historical Settlement legs lower St John Madawaska Settlements mahogany Maliseet maple material culture Maugerville Mi'kmaq motifs mouldings nineteenth century North northern Nova Scotia origin painted Palardy panb pine plate popular province Quebec rail rear posts residents Royal Ontario Museum Saint John Scotland Scots Scottish seat shaped skirt slat sofa sophisticated southern valley St John River stretchers Thomas Nisbet traditions upper St John valley furniture vernacular wares Webster William Windsor chair wood York