Coccolithophores: From Molecular Processes to Global Impact

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Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 7, 2004 - Science - 565 pages
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In the past few years rapid progress has been made regarding our understanding of one of the dominant phytoplankton groups of the world's oceans: the coccolithophores. Among other initiatives, the EU-funded TMR network CODENET (Coccolithophores Evolutionary Biodiversity and Ecology Network) has provided new results and insights. These and many other findings are reviewed and synthesized in a number of individual chapters which focus on coccolithophore biology (molecular to cellular), ecology (experimental and in the ocean), evolutionary phylogeny and its impact on current and past global changes. Coccolithophores are emerging as a prime model for interdisciplinary global change research due to their great abundance, wide distribution and exemplary geological record. The results presented in this book address the fundamental question of the interaction between the biota and the environment at various temporal and spatial scales.

 

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Contents

What is new in coccolithophore biology?
1
A cellular perspective
31
Pigment diversity of coccolithophores in relation to taxonomy phylogeny and ecological preferences
51
bloom observations and the conditions that induce them
75
responses to environmental changes
99
what is the contribution of the coccolithophores?
127
Reevaluation of the physiological ecology of coccolithophores
165
Structure and morphogenesis of the coccoliths of the CODENET species
191
evidence from the cosmopolitan species Calcidiscus leptoporus
299
Species level variation in coccolithophores
327
Coccolith contribution to South Atlantic carbonate sedimentation
367
Biogeography of selected Holocene coccoliths in the Atlantic Ocean
403
Why is the Land Green and the Ocean Red?
429
when models confront evidence
455
Calcareous nannoplankton evolution and diversity through time
481
Carbonate fluxes and calcareous nannoplankton
509

The Laboratory Culture of Coccolithophores
217
A review of the phylogeny of the Haptophyta
251
SuperSpecies in the calcareous plankton
271
Coccolithophoridbased geochemical paleoproxies
529
Index
563
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