Cochise: Chiricahua Apache Chief

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University of Oklahoma Press, Nov 21, 2012 - History - 526 pages
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When it acquired New Mexico and Arizona, the United States inherited the territory of a people who had been a thorn in side of Mexico since 1821 and Spain before that. Known collectively as Apaches, these Indians lived in diverse, widely scattered groups with many names—Mescaleros, Chiricahuas, and Jicarillas, to name but three. Much has been written about them and their leaders, such as Geronimo, Juh, Nana, Victorio, and Mangas Coloradas, but no one wrote extensively about the greatest leader of them all: Cochise. Now, however, Edwin R. Sweeney has remedied this deficiency with his definitive biography.

Cochise, a Chiricahua, was said to be the most resourceful, most brutal, most feared Apache. He and his warriors raided in both Mexico and the United States, crossing the border both ways to obtain sanctuary after raids for cattle, horses, and other livestock. Once only he was captured and imprisoned; on the day he was freed he vowed never to be taken again. From that day he gave no quarter and asked none. Always at the head of his warriors in battle, he led a charmed life, being wounded several times but always surviving.

In 1861, when his brother was executed by Americans at Apache Pass, Cochise declared war. He fought relentlessly for a decade, and then only in the face of overwhelming military superiority did he agree to a peace and accept the reservation. Nevertheless, even though he was blamed for virtually every subsequent Apache depredation in Arizona and New Mexico, he faithfully kept that peace until his death in 1874.

Sweeney has traced Cochise’s activities in exhaustive detail in both United States and Mexican Archives. We are not likely to learn more about Cochise than he has given us. His biography will stand as the major source for all that is yet to be written on Cochise.

 

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Cochise: Chiricahua Apache chief

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The very name of Cochise, an extremely capable military leader of the Chiricahua Apache, evoked fear in the hearts of southwesterners and Mexicans during the 19th century. In this meticulously ... Read full review

Contents

Chapter 1 The Early Years
3
Chapter 2 Little Wars
15
Chapter 3 Turbulent Times
37
Chapter 4 Galeana Avenged
59
Chapter 5 Chokonen Activities 184956
78
Chapter 6 Double Treachery in Mexico
99
Chapter 7 Apache Pass
118
The Bascom Affair at Apache Pass
142
Chapter 13 Too Many Mexicans
246
We Must Live in Bad Places to Shun Them
262
Cochise Visits Two Reservations
283
Chapter 16 No Rest No Peace
304
Chapter 17 Canada Alamosa
321
The CochiseHoward Treaty
340
Chapter 19 The Chiricahua Reservation
367
Chapter 20 Good Friends will Meet Again
391

Chapter 9 The War Begins
166
Chapter 10 Capitan Grande
186
Chapter 11 Cochise Will Never be Friendly
206
Chapter 12 Catch the Wild Fox
226
Notes
399
Bibliography
463
Index
475
Copyright

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About the author (2012)

Retired as a professional accountant, Edwin R. Sweeney is an independent scholar and the author of Cochise: Chiricahua Apache Chief; Mangas Coloradas: Chief of the Chiricahua Apaches; and From Cochise to Geronimo: The Chiricahua Apaches, 1874–1886.

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