Coercive and Discursive Compliance Mechanisms in the Management of Natural Resources: A Case Study from the Barents Sea Fisheries

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 2000 - Political Science - 187 pages
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This book is the result of more than a decade's preoccupation with the issue of compliance in the Barents Sea fisheries, first as an interpreter in the Norwegian Coast Guard, then as a graduate student at the University of Troms0, and finally, as a PhD student at the University of Oslo and a research fellow at the FridtjofNansen Institute (FNI). Many of those who deserve a "thank you" in this preface have already been properly thanked on other occasions, among them my previous colleagues and superiors in the Norwegian Coast Guard. On the present occasion, I would particularly like to extend my thanks to the FNI leadership during my time here for giving me the trust and freedom to pursue my enthusiasm. Many other colleagues at the institute, from both the research and the administrative staff, have contributed to the present work. For fear of forgetting someone, I prefer not to mention names. There have to be a few exceptions though: From the administration, I would particularly like to thank Kari Lorentzen for her professional help in the library, and Ann Skarstad and Anne-Christine Thestrup for language assistance. Thanks to Claes Lykke Ragner for producing the map on page 7, and to Ivar M. Liseter for help in the preparation of camera-ready copy. Among the research staff, I would mention my long-standing fellow student and colleague both in the Coast Guard and at the FNI, Anne-Kristin J0rgensen.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
THEORETICAL CONTEXT THE DEBATE TO BE ADDRESSED
2
EMPIRICAL BACKGROUND THE BARENTS SEA AND ITS FISHERMEN
5
EMPIRICAL CONTEXT THE ISSUES TO BE RAISED
8
METHODOLOGY
10
THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK
12
THE INTERACTION OF RESEARCH PROGRAMMES IN SOCIAL SCIENCE STUDIES OF THE COMMONS
15
TWO TRADITIONS IN THE STUDY OF COMMONPOOL RESOURCES
18
COMPLIANCE AS A RESULT OF COERCIVE MEASURES
90
LEGITIMACY AND DISCURSIVE MEASURES
91
AN OBSERVERS ACCOUNT OF COOPERATIVE ACTION IN THE SVALBARD ZONE
95
CONCLUSION
97
HOW FISHERMEN ACCOUNT FOR COMPLIANCE
105
A POSITIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE COAST GUARD
109
LEGITIMATE REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES
112
PARTLY ILLEGITIMATE RESEARCH RESULTS
113

The tragedy of the commons and related models
19
towards a model of cooperative action
20
A GROWING LITERATURE ON THE COMMONS?
23
major differences in basic assumptions
24
Hard cores and protective belts assumptions and prescriptions
27
progressive or degenerating programmes?
29
SCIENTIFIC GROWTH AS INTERACTION BETWEEN THEORETICAL TRADITIONS
31
A MODEL OF COMPLIANCE IN FISHERIES THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS AND PRACTICAL APPLICATION
37
THE STUDY OF COMPLIANCE
38
SOURCES OF COMPLIANCE
40
FIRSTORDER AND MANAGEMENTINDUCED COMPLIANCE
42
COERCIVE AND DISCURSIVE MEASURES
44
MANAGEMENT LEVELS AND SUBSYSTEMS OF COMPLIANCE
45
AN AGENDA FOR RESEARCH
49
THE BARENTS SEA FISHERIES RESOURCES JURISDICTION AND MANAGEMENT
55
capelin and herring
56
cod haddock and others
57
THE FISHING INDUSTRIES OF NORTHERN NORWAY AND NORTHWESTERN RUSSIA
59
THE LEGAL SETTING
61
NORWAYS FISHERY RELATIONS WITH OTHER STATES
65
THE RUSSIANNORWEGIAN FISHERY MANAGEMENT REGIME
68
NORWEGIAN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
71
RUSSIAN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
73
COMPLIANCE IN THE BARENTS SEA A PRELIMINARY DISCUSSION
79
VIOLATION RATES IN THE BARENTS SEA FISHERIES
80
DO VIOLATION RATES REFLECT ACTUAL COMPLIANCE?
86
FIRSTORDER COMPLIANCE
88
STRICT ENFORCEMENT
115
SELFINDUCED COMPLIANCE
116
CONCLUSION
118
COMANAGEMENT AND COMMUNITIES IN THE BARENTS SEA FISHERIES
125
COMANAGEMENT IN NORTHWEST RUSSIAN FISHERIES
127
COMANAGEMENT IN NORWEGIAN FISHERIES
132
THE BARENTS SEA FISHING COMMUNITIES
135
COMANAGEMENT AND COMPLIANCE
137
CONCLUSION
139
INVESTIGATION REVISITED
143
The fisher representatives
144
The Norwegian fishermen
145
The Russian fishermen
147
Themes from the Barents Sea fisheries
149
DISCOURSE OR GUNS?
152
excluding coercion as the only explanation for compliance
154
further support of the legitimacy argument
155
towards a theory of seafaring communities
156
CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SCIENTIFIC DEBATE
159
basically irrelevant investigation
160
CONCLUDING REMARKS
165
COMANAGEMENT A SYSTEMCENTRIC PERSPECTIVE?
166
IMPLICATIONS OF THE METHODOLOGICAL AND EPISTEMOLOGICAL CHOICES MADE
168
REFERENCES
173
INDEX
181
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