Coercive and Discursive Compliance Mechanisms in the Management of Natural Resources: A Case Study from the Barents Sea Fisheries

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Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 2000 - Political Science - 187 pages
This book is the result of more than a decade's preoccupation with the issue of compliance in the Barents Sea fisheries, first as an interpreter in the Norwegian Coast Guard, then as a graduate student at the University of Troms0, and finally, as a PhD student at the University of Oslo and a research fellow at the FridtjofNansen Institute (FNI). Many of those who deserve a "thank you" in this preface have already been properly thanked on other occasions, among them my previous colleagues and superiors in the Norwegian Coast Guard. On the present occasion, I would particularly like to extend my thanks to the FNI leadership during my time here for giving me the trust and freedom to pursue my enthusiasm. Many other colleagues at the institute, from both the research and the administrative staff, have contributed to the present work. For fear of forgetting someone, I prefer not to mention names. There have to be a few exceptions though: From the administration, I would particularly like to thank Kari Lorentzen for her professional help in the library, and Ann Skarstad and Anne-Christine Thestrup for language assistance. Thanks to Claes Lykke Ragner for producing the map on page 7, and to Ivar M. Liseter for help in the preparation of camera-ready copy. Among the research staff, I would mention my long-standing fellow student and colleague both in the Coast Guard and at the FNI, Anne-Kristin J0rgensen.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
xiii
EMPIRICAL BACKGROUND THE BARENTS SEA AND ITS FISHERMEN
1
EMPIRICAL CONTEXT THE ISSUES TO BE RAISED
4
METHODOLOGY
6
THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK
8
THE INTERACTION OF RESEARCH PROGRAMMES IN SOCIAL SCIENCE STUDIES OF THE COMMONS
11
TWO TRADITIONS IN THE STUDY OF COMMONPOOL RESOURCES
14
The tragedy of the commons and related models
15
COMPLIANCE AS A RESULT OF COERCIVE MEASURES
86
LEGITIMACY AND DISCURSIVE MEASURES
87
AN OBSERVERS ACCOUNT OF COOPERATIVE ACTION IN THE SVALBARD ZONE
91
CONCLUSION
93
HOW FISHERMEN ACCOUNT FOR COMPLIANCE
101
A POSITIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE COAST GUARD
105
LEGITIMATE REGULATIONS AND PROCEDURES
108
PARTLY ILLEGITIMATE RESEARCH RESULTS
109

towards a model of cooperative action
16
A GROWING LITERATURE ON THE COMMONS?
19
major differences in basic assumptions
20
Hard cores and protective belts assumptions and prescriptions
23
progressive or degenerating programmes?
25
SCIENTIFIC GROWTH AS INTERACTION BETWEEN THEORETICAL TRADITIONS
27
A MODEL OF COMPLIANCE IN FISHERIES THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS AND PRACTICAL APPLICATION
33
THE STUDY OF COMPLIANCE
34
SOURCES OF COMPLIANCE
36
FIRSTORDER AND MANAGEMENTINDUCED COMPLIANCE
38
COERCIVE AND DISCURSIVE MEASURES
40
MANAGEMENT LEVELS AND SUBSYSTEMS OF COMPLIANCE
41
AN AGENDA FOR RESEARCH
45
THE BARENTS SEA FISHERIES RESOURCES JURISDICTION AND MANAGEMENT
51
capelin and herring
52
cod haddock and others
53
THE FISHING INDUSTRIES OF NORTHERN NORWAY AND NORTHWESTERN RUSSIA
55
THE LEGAL SETTING
57
NORWAYS FISHERY RELATIONS WITH OTHER STATES
61
THE RUSSIANNORWEGIAN FISHERY MANAGEMENT REGIME
64
NORWEGIAN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
67
RUSSIAN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
69
COMPLIANCE IN THE BARENTS SEA A PRELIMINARY DISCUSSION
75
VIOLATION RATES IN THE BARENTS SEA FISHERIES
76
DO VIOLATION RATES REFLECT ACTUAL COMPLIANCE?
82
FIRSTORDER COMPLIANCE
84
STRICT ENFORCEMENT
111
SELFINDUCED COMPLIANCE
112
CONCLUSION
114
COMANAGEMENT AND COMMUNITIES IN THE BARENTS SEA FISHERIES
121
COMANAGEMENT IN NORTHWEST RUSSIAN FISHERIES
123
COMANAGEMENT IN NORWEGIAN FISHERIES
128
THE BARENTS SEA FISHING COMMUNITIES
131
COMANAGEMENT AND COMPLIANCE
133
CONCLUSION
135
INVESTIGATION REVISITED
139
The fisher representatives
140
The Norwegian fishermen
141
The Russian fishermen
143
Themes from the Barents Sea fisheries
145
DISCOURSE OR GUNS?
148
excluding coercion as the only explanation for compliance
150
further support of the legitimacy argument
151
towards a theory of seafaring communities
152
CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE SCIENTIFIC DEBATE
155
basically irrelevant investigation
156
CONCLUDING REMARKS
161
COMANAGEMENT A SYSTEMCENTRIC PERSPECTIVE?
162
IMPLICATIONS OF THE METHODOLOGICAL AND EPISTEMOLOGICAL CHOICES MADE
164
REFERENCES
169
INDEX
177
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