Cognition and Intelligence: Identifying the Mechanisms of the Mind

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Robert J. Sternberg, Jean E. Pretz
Cambridge University Press, 2005 - Psychology - 345 pages
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In 1957, Lee Cronbach called on the membership of the American Psychological Association to bring together experimental and differential approaches to the study of cognition. The field of intelligence research is an example of a response to that call, and Cognition and Intelligence: Identifying the Mechanisms of Mind investigates the progress of this research program in the literature of the past several decades. With contributions from formative experts in the field, including Earl Hunt and Robert Sternberg, this volume reviews the research on the study of intelligence from diverse cognitive approaches, from the most bottom-up to the most top-down. The authors present their findings on the underlying cognitive aspects of intelligence based on their studies of neuroscience, reaction time, artificial intelligence, problem solving, metacognition, and development. The book summarizes and synthesizes the literature reviewed and makes recommendations for the pursuit of future research in the field.
 

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Contents

1 Information Processing and Intelligence
1
2 Mental Chronometry and the Unification of Differential Psychology
26
3 Reductionism versus Charting
51
4 Basic Information Processing and the Psychophysiology of Intelligence
68
5 The Neural Bases of Intelligence
88
6 The Role of Working Memory in HigherLevel Cognition
104
7 HigherOrder Cognition and Intelligence
122
8 Ability Determinants of Individual Differences in Skilled Performance
142
11 The Role of Transferable Knowledge in Intelligence
208
12 Reasoning Abilities
225
References
246
13 Measuring Human Intelligence with Artificial Intelligence
251
14 Marrying Intelligence and Cognition
268
15 From Description to Explanation in Cognitive Aging
288
16 Unifying the Field
306
Author Index
319

9 Complex Problem Solving and Intelligence
160
10 Intelligence as Smart Heuristics
188

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About the author (2005)

Robert J. Sternberg is IBM Professor of Psychology and Education at Yale, Director of the PACE Center at Yale, and 2003 President of the American Psychological Association. He is the author of almost 1000 publications on topics related to cognition and intelligence and has received over $18 million in grants for his research. He has won numerous awards from professional associations and holds four honorary doctorates.

Jean E. Pretz received her B.A. from Wittenberg University in Springfield, Ohio, and has received her M.A. and M. Phil. from Yale University. Her doctoral work examines the role of intuition and expertise in practical problem solving from both an experimental and a differential perspective. This project has received the American Psychological Foundation/Council of Graduate Departments of Psychology (APF/COGDOP) Graduate Research Scholarship Award, the American Psychological Association Dissertation Research Award, as well as a Yale University Dissertation Fellowship. Her research on the role of implicit processes in insight problem solving received two awards from the American Psychological Society Graduate Student Caucus. She has also received a Fulbright fellowship to study the psychology of religion in the former East Germany. Ms. Pretz has co-authored a book on creativity entitled, The Creativity Conundrum with Dr. Sternberg and Dr. James Kaufman.

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