J.-P. Caverni, J.-M. Fabre, M. Gonzalez
Elsevier Science, Sep 12, 1990 - Science - 580 pages
Many studies in cognitive psychology have provided evidence of systematic deviations in cognitive task performance relative to that dictated by optimality, rationality, or coherency. The texts in this volume present an account of research into the cognitive biases observed on various tasks: reasoning, categorization, evaluation, and probabilistic and confidence judgments.
The authors have attempted to discern the contribution of the study of bias to our understanding of the cognitive processes involved in each case, rather than proposing an inventory of the different types of biases. A special section has been devoted to studies on the correction of biases and cognitive aids.
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Arte W Kruglanski
JeanPaul Caverni and JeanLuc Peris
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accuracy activation analysis answer assessment attributes behavior belief bias biases calibration Cognitive Psychology concept conclusion condition confidence judgements confidence ratings considered context effects contrast contrast effect correct correlation cue validity Das-Smaal decision deductive reasoning differentiation dimensional analysis encoding episodic memory errors evaluation example experiment Experimental Psychology face recognition factors Fischhoff frequency function heuristics hypothesis identity individuals inference interaction intergroup interpretation Johnson-Laird Journal of Experimental Journal of Personality judgments Kahneman knowledge learning logical manipulation mean memory modus tollens observed overconfidence pair paradigm Parducci perceiver perception performance Personality and Social pragmatic predictions premises presented probabilistic probability theory problems prototype Psychological Review psychophysical question reasoning relevant representation response bias rule scale schemas selection task semantic semantic memory sensory situation Social Psychology specific stimulus strategy structure subjective probability syllogisms Tajfel target theory trial Tversky types valid values variable