Cognitive factors in information processing
University of Michigan, College of Literature, Science and the Arts, Dept. of Psychology, 1967 - Cognition - 26 pages
The general framework proposed to use in interpreting human information-processing behavior is that of a program for processing data. The term program as used in this report has essentially the same meaning, and is presumed to serve a similar function, as does the program which governs an electronic data-processing system or any organization of people engaged in a complex task or production. Reference to the analogy between human functions and a stored-program computer, as various writers have emphasized, permits us to talk about alternative processes or procedures for operating on data in complex ways, independently of the particular data on which these operations are performed or the particular system that is processing the data. (Author).
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abstract accuracy group choice reaction choice reaction-time clearly for subjects CONTRACT OR GRANT control group correct-slow decision model DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY differences in reaction efficient program eight numerals emphasized employed Enter experimental extensive training Factors in Information Fast Slow Correct Fast Slow Fast faster finger responses Fitts and Switzer frequent stimulus genetically determined hierarchical model human information processing Human Performance Center infrequent KEY WORDS l5 alternatives l5-alternative task learned programs levels of redundancy light-pointing experiment mediational processes Memorandum Report neme number of alternatives obtain copies overall control paper payoff conditions payoff matrix prediction probable event occurs processing information Psychology reaction time increases reaction-time data redundancy on reaction redundant sequences REPORT TITLE Research responses to lights S-R compatibility sequential sampling SESSIONS Fig shown in Fig six subjects skills Slow Fast Slow specific speed and accuracy speed group Studies of learning subroutines UNCLASSIFIED Security Classification UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN versus