Cognitive Processes in Eye Guidance
Geoffrey D. M. Underwood
Oxford University Press, 2005 - Medical - 386 pages
Whether reading, looking at a picture, or driving, how is it that we know where to look next - how does the human visual system calculate where our gaze should be directed in order to achieve our cognitive aims? Of course, there is an interaction between the decisions about where we shouldlook and about how long we should look there. However, our eyes do not just move randomly over the visual field - whether we are reading, driving, or solving a problem. There are systematic variations not only in the duration of each eye fixation, but also in what we are looking at. It is thesevariations in eye movements that can tell us much about the cognitive processes involved in the performance of these activities. Within reading research, great progress has already been made in understanding these processes and there are now a number of competing and well-formed models. In someother areas of perception, the development of formal theories and the search for critical evidence is less advanced. This book brings together leading vision scientists studying eye movements across a range of activities, such as reading, driving, computer activities, and chess. It providesgroundbreaking new research that will help us understand how it is that we know where to move our eyes, and thereby better understand the cognitive processes underlying these activities.
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attention bigram cent change blindness chess Cognitive Psychology compound word condition control in reading Crundall detection display distractor drivers E-Z Reader model effect encoding experiment Experimental Psychology eye fixations Eye guidance eye movement control fixated word fixation duration fixation location forward saccade gaze duration gist Henderson Hollingworth Human Perception Hyona influence Inhoff initial fixation insight problem Journal of Experimental landing position launch letters lexical McConkie O'Regan oculomotor onset parafoveal participants pattern Perception and Performance Perception and Psychophysics peripheral picture players Pollatsek predicted prior saccade problem solving Psychophysics Radach Rayner refixations regressive saccades Reichle Reingold representation salience map scanning scene perception second constituent semantic sentence solvers spatial spatial indexing strategies studies target word task Tetris tion trials Underwood viewers Vision Research visual acuity Visual Cognition visual information visual memory visual search Vitu vowel harmony word frequency word identification word length word skipping zoid