Collaborative Dialogue Technologies in Distance Learning

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M.Felisa Verdejo, Maria Feliza Verdejo, Stefano A. Cerri
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 27, 1994 - Computers - 296 pages
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In April 1993, an interdisciplinary NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Collaborative dialogue technologies in distance learning" was held in Segovia, Spain. The workshop brought together researchers in fields related to distance learning using computer-mediated communication. The statement of justification of the NATO ARW follows hereafter. Justification of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Collaborative Dialogue Technologies in Distance Learning Computer Mediated Communication (CMC) systems have features that reduce some temporal, physical and social constraints on communication. Theories of communication have shifted from viewing communication as a linear transmission of messages by a sender to a receiver, to viewing it as a social paradigm, where individuals are actors in a network of interdependent relationships embedded in organizational and social structures. Recent research focuses on models of information-sharing to support not only the activities of individuals but also the problem-solving activities of groups, such as decision-making, planning or co writing. This area of research is called Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). The Artificial Intelligence (AI) approach uses knowledge-based systems to enhance and facilitate all these processes, including the possibility of using natural language. The traditional model of distance education places a strong emphasis on indepen dent study, supported by well developed learning materials. This model can be characterized as one-way media. However, the potential of CMC to provide better guidance to the student in Higher Distance Education has been quickly recognized for at least two kind of activities: information sharing and interaction.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Pedagogy and Learning Experiences
9
A Pedagogical Framework for CMC Programmes
11
Computer Support for Collaboration
21
Some Pedagogical Techniques for ComputerMediated Communication
33
Learning in Groups Some Experiences of Online Work
46
Learning Experiences with Collaborative Working Technologies Some Critical Factors
60
Towards Collaborative Learning at a Distance
65
The Role of Knowledge Based Systems for Automatic Coordination in Distance Learning
142
Supporting Collaborative Dialogues in Distance Learning
156
Towards Models of Interaction Between an Artificial Agent and a Human One
170
The Natural Laboratory Methodology Supporting Computer Mediated Generic Dialogues
181
Building an Evolving KnowledgeBase from Computer Teleconferencing
202
Educational Scenarios for Telecommunication Applications
210
Developing a Tool to Support Collaborative Dialogues and Graphical Representation of Ideas
219
RealTime Multimedia Conferencing System and Collaborative Learning
236

An Experimental NetworkMediated Study Support System
78
Innovative Support Technologies for Tele and TeamWork at Universities
97
Remote Collaboration in Medicine Some Tools and Experiences in Portugal
109
Models and Systems
117
Models and Systems for Collaborative Dialogues in Distance Learning
119
Cooperative Open Systems Architecture
126
Distributed Multimedia Environment for Distance Learning
258
Production of Flexible and Modularized Course Material in COSYS
270
OSCAR A System for Collaborative Distributed Authoring of Multimedia Training Materials
282
List of Contributors
291
Subject Index
293
Copyright

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