Collaborative Peer Coaching That Improves Instruction: The 2 + 2 Performance Appraisal Model

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Corwin Press, Oct 28, 2004 - Education - 117 pages
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Based on frequent, mutual feedback from peers, students and administrators, the 2+2 method is deceptively simple in concept, but has shown tremendous potential in the schools where it has been implemented.

Using the 2+2 performance appraisal method, teachers regularly visit each others' classrooms during instructional time for as long as it takes to write two compliments and two suggestions for improvement.

In a time where teachers have become increasingly isolated, this strategy increases meaningful contact and collaboration, and allows for administrator participation in a less threatening context than the traditional performance appraisal, greatly reducing teachers' levels of anxiety and self-doubt, which in turn leads to increased job-satisfaction.


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Chapter 1 The Performance Appraisal Paradox
An Interlude
Chapter 3 What is 2 + 2 Anyway?
Chapter 4 The Feedback Dilemma
Chapter 5 The 2 + 2 Pilot
Chapter 6 2 + 2 Takes Shape
A Matter of Leadership
Chapter 8 2 + 2 Takes Off
A Second Interlude
Chapter 10 Institutionalizing 2 +2
Two Years Later
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About the author (2004)

Dwight W. Allen, Ed.D., is the Eminent Professor of Educational Reform at Old Dominion University in Norfolk Virginia. He received his A.B. (with Distinction) in history, with honors in Humanities, from Stanford University in Palo Alto, California. He continued at Stanford and completed both his M.A. and his Ed.D. in Education.

Dwight is also heavily involved in global concerns and for more than 10 years served as the International Technical Advisor for the United Nations Development Program in China as well as a consultant to the Department of Defense Dependent Schools in Germany. He also serves or has served as a consultant for schools and universities in Zimbabwe, Botswana, Zambia, India, South Africa, Israel, Uganda, Malawi and Greece.

He is the co-author (with his son, Douglas B. Allen, Ph.D.) of a companion volume to Making the 2 + 2 Performance Appraisal Connection that is being developed based upon the application of the 2 +2 model in the corporate sector. He is also the co-author of AMERICAN EDUCATION: The 100 Billion Dollar Challenge, (with Bill Cosby, Ph.D.) which was "ePublished" by Time Warner in 2000, and was named one of six non-fiction finalists in the International eBook Awards. In 2002, Dwight was named University Teacher of the Year by the State Council for Higher Education in Virginia 1n 2001, and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, has honored him by establishing the Dwight W. Allen professorship of Educational Policy and Reform, also in 2001.

Dwight is known as a leading proponent of reformed educational systems for the future, and has written literally scores of influential papers and magazine articles on all aspects of the topic. He is an in-demand speaker and has delivered hundreds of lectures on national and international platforms. He has been the recipient of numerous grants for studies of educational systems.

Alyce C. LeBlanc, Ph.D., is the Curriculum Specialist for the School of Education at Capella University. In addition to teaching, she has developed numerous instructor-led graduate courses for web-based online delivery in the School of Education. Alyce has a particular interest in teacher preparation programs and currently has a lead role in the development of a new teacher leadership masters program at Capella University.

Alyce initially studied music at Oberlin College in Oberlin, Ohio, and later at the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik where she graduated with distinction in Piano Performance. She was a prizewinner in several international piano competitions.

She furthered her studies at the University of Southern California, where she earned an M.S. in Systems Management, later completing her Ph.D. in Urban Services/Education at Old Dominion University. She has subsequently taught at Oberlin College, Old Dominion University, and National-Louis University in Germany. She has been active in teacher preparation programs, school reform issues, and has been a consultant to teachers and education leaders in the Czech Republic and China, as well as in the US. She was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship and was recently presented the Harold Abel Outstanding Faculty Award at Capella University.

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