Colleges North and Colleges South: An Address Before the Department of Higher Instruction of the National Educational Association, at Topeka, Kanses, July 16, 1886

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Observer Book and Job Print., 1887 - Education, Higher - 21 pages

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Page 17 - Thou little child, yet glorious in the might Of heaven-born freedom on thy being's height, — Why with such earnest pains dost thou provoke The years to bring the inevitable yoke. Thus blindly with thy blessedness at strife ? Full soon thy soul shall have her earthly freight, And custom lie upon thee with a weight Heavy as frost, and deep almost as life!
Page 15 - ... of Virginia." I am inclined, however, to agree with the president of Tulane University, who is quoted in the above article as saying (p. 551): "It is just as demoralizing for a college to invade the domain of true university work as for a preparatory school to attempt to be a college;" and again: "While I approve of the 'elective system' for real universities, I regard its application to colleges and schools as a misfortune.
Page 9 - What better reductio ad absvrdum could one wish? How many of our colleges would Harvard alone outweigh in any just estimate of higher education ! Any one who will study the question carefully will be very likely to come to the conclusion that in the United States culture is generally in the inverse ratio to the number of colleges. Where you find the largest number of colleges you will be apt to find the fewest fitting-schools and the lowest state of what we call the higher education. In fact, great...
Page 9 - ... college, but that there the name of college was so common and in such ill repute, that the character of the institution would have been totally misunderstood. This agrees pretty well with a certain Texas girl's idea of a college. A modest graduate of a Georgia college, whom she persisted in calling 'professor' and his school 'the college,' begged her not to put him to the blush. ' Well,' said she, ' it was a college before it burned down, for it was three stories high.
Page 10 - ... establishment of a system of public free schools, supported by taxation. Higher education, though aided at times by various States, was never so controlled, until the establishment of agricultural colleges by national aid, as to make any single college or university in the New England or Middle States a "State School" in the present accepted meaning of that term.
Page 10 - ... feature of the situation that is interesting. In the early days of the republic, that great fundamental idea of the fathers of the Constitution that a republican government can rest safely only on the virtue and intelligence of the people took practical shape at the North in the establishment of free schools, supported by taxation. Higher education, though aided at times by various States in the North, was left to be provided for mainly by private liberality and public spirit.
Page 10 - ... duties of citizenship ; and that the maintenance of higher education should be left to the benefactions of the friends of liberal culture and religion. Whatever may have been the views of the leaders of public opinion in the South before the civil war, the practical outcome of the Southern idea was just the opposite of that at the North. At the South, almost no provision was made for the masses who could not otherwise obtain even an elementary education ; while nearly every Southern State established...
Page 6 - Southern States, $1.91. Let us next ascertain the average financial strength and library advantages of the colleges in the three groups of States. Average of the 19 colleges in the New England States : Buildings, etc., $507,776; endowment, $643,758; scholarships, $64,050; volumes in libraries, 37,033. Average of the 70 colleges in the Middle States : Buildings, etc., $209,022 ; endowment, $372,087 ; scholarships, $7,257 ; volumes in libraries, 8,625. * I failed in two efforts to Ret an estimate of...
Page 12 - Of the aggregate endowments, $10,232,931, the state institutions had $6,782,556 (of this amount, $3,817,000 was represented by annual appropriations, reckoning interest at six per cent.), and the other colleges $3,450,374. The average of the state institutions was, in buildings, etc., $179,654, and in endowments, $308,300; of the other colleges, in buildings, etc., $54,200, and in endowments, $46,000. The difference in these sums means a great deal to those who appreciate the importance of endowments...
Page 19 - ... would prove wholesome .reading at some institutions. Only a few months ago, I received a catalogue of a college in Tennessee that enrolls a considerable number of students and confers on some of them AB, BL, and BS ; and yet this document of nearly forty pages is a specimen of English so execrable and " clap-trap puffing " so unblushing as to be both amusing and disgusting. Quite recently I received from the head of a college in the same state a letter requesting me to assist him in writing a...

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