Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: A Profile
Committee on the Future of the Colleges of Agriculture in the Land Grant System, Board on Agriculture, National Research Council
National Academies Press, Oct 11, 1995 - Technology & Engineering - 129 pages
Although few Americans work as farmers these days, agriculture on the whole remains economically important--playing a key role in such contemporary issues as consumer health and nutrition, worker safety and animal welfare, and environmental protection. This publication provides a comprehensive picture of the primary education system for the nation's agriculture industry: the land grant colleges of agriculture.
Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities informs the public debate about the challenges that will shape the future of these colleges and serves as a foundation for a second volume, which will present recommendations for policy and institutional changes in the land grant system.
This book reviews the legislative history of the land grant system from its establishment in 1862 to the 1994 act conferring land grant status on Native American colleges. It describes trends that have shaped agriculture and agricultural education over the decades--the shift of labor from farm to factory, reasons for and effects of increased productivity and specialization, the rise of the corporate farm, and more.
The committee reviews the system's three-part mission--education, research, and extension service--and through this perspective documents the changing nature of funding and examines the unique structure of the U.S. agricultural research and education system. Demographic data on faculties, students, extension staff, commodity and funding clusters, and geographic specializations profile the system and identify similarities and differences among the colleges of agriculture, trends in funding, and a host of other issues.
The tables in the appendix provide further itemization about general population distribution, student and educator demographics, types of degree programs, and funding allocations. Concise commentary and informative graphics augment the detailed statistical presentations. This book will be important to policymakers, administrators, educators, researchers, and students of agriculture.
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HISTORY AND OVERVIEW OF THE LAND GRANT COLLEGE SYSTEM
THE SHIFTING BASE OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR LAND GRANT
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1862 institutions academic administration agricul Agricultural business agricultural economics Agricultural Education Information Agricultural engineering Agricultural Experiment Stations agricultural research Agricultural sciences allocation Animal sciences APPENDIX TABLE business and management cluster colleges of agriculture commodity research competitive grants Cook College Cooperative Extension Cooperative State Research crops Dairy Degree Program Department of Agriculture doctorate degrees Economic Research Service Education Information System enrollment Extension Service extension staff federal funds Food and Agricultural Food sciences forest resources Forestry forestry schools formula funds full-time equivalent graduate home economics Iowa ISBN land grant colleges land grant universities million National Research Council non-land grant North Carolina Number nutrition Plant sciences Policy production Program General agriculture regional Related sciences research expenditures research funding research programs rural SAESs Soil sciences SOURCE South Dakota Subtotal Technology Texas A&M total U.S. U.S. agriculture U.S. Department U.S. farm USDA Veterinary Medicine Washington