Colonial Ambivalence, Cultural Authenticity, and the Limitations of Mimicry in French-ruled West Africa, 1914-1956
Colonial Ambivalence, Cultural Authenticity, and the Limitations of Mimicry in French-Ruled West Africa, 1914-1956 offers an innovative and provocative reassessment of the history and legacies of French colonial rule in West Africa between the First World War and the late 1950s. Making critical use of postcolonial and cultural theory, James E. Genova argues that the colonizers and the colonized were locked in a struggle for authority increasingly structured by competing notions of what it meant to be French or African. This book breaks new ground by demonstrating the centrality of the cultural question in the imperial encounters between France and West Africa. It maps the emergence of the French-educated elite as a social class in French West Africa as a window into the complex relationship between agency and structural context in the making of history. A disjunction developed between decolonization and liberation in the colonial liaison of France and West Africa that left colonizers and colonized trapped in a neocolonial cultural framework actualizing Frantz Fanon's deepest fears about the postcolony.
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According African culture asserted associated authentic Blaise Diagne Brazzaville CAOM carton chiefs citizenship claimed colonial administration colonial field colonial subjects Coloniale colonized populations constitution d'outre-mer Dakar Decolonization Delafosse Depeche Africaine deputy from Senegal Diagne's discourse elected empire ethnographers evolues fascism February federation Four Communes France and West France's mission French citizens French colonial French rule French Soudan French West Africa French-educated elite Furthermore Gaulle governor hegemonic Houphouet-Boigny imperial framework indigenous January June Kouyate l'Afrique Lamine Senghor LDRN leaders Lebou Leopold Senghor Ligue Maran Marius Moutet Maurice Delafosse metropole metropolitan ministry for Overseas ministry of colonies mission civilisatrice modern griots Moutet native Negritude Noir Note November numbers officials organization originaires Overseas France overseas territories Paris political Politique Popular Front pre-colonial elite Rapport recruitment reform Republic rural popular schools Senegal Senegalese SFIO social struggle for authority sujet population traditional tribal urban elite Vichy West African society